Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an Academy Award- and BAFTA-nominated, as well as Golden Globe-winning, American actor. Ford is best known for his performances as the titular character in the Indiana Jones film series and as Han Solo in the original Star Wars trilogy. He is also known for his role as the haunted android tracker Rick Deckard in Ridley Scott's sci-fi cult film Blade Runner. His four-decade career also includes roles in other Hollywood blockbusters such as The Fugitive, Air Force One, Witness, Presumed Innocent and What Lies Beneath. At one point, Ford had roles in the top five box-office hits of all time, though his role in E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (as Elliot's school principal) was deleted from the final cut of the film. Five of his films have been inducted into the National Film Registry.
In 1997, Ford was ranked # 1 in Empire's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. As of July 2008, the US domestic box office grosses of Ford's films total almost US$3.4 billion, with worldwide grosses surpassing $6 billion, making Ford the No. 2 US domestic box-office star for lead roles behind only Eddie Murphy. If counting both supporting movie roles as well as starring roles, Ford would be the 5th biggest film star, behind that of voice-actor Frank Welker, Samuel L. Jackson, Eddie Murphy and Tom Hanks.
Ford was active in the Boy Scouts of America, and achieved its second-highest rank, Life Scout. He worked at a Scout camp as a counselor for the Reptile Study merit badge. Because of this, he and Eagle Scout director Steven Spielberg later decided that the character of young Indiana Jones would be depicted as a Life Scout in the film Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. They also jokingly reversed Ford's knowledge of reptiles into Jones's fear of snakes.
In 1960, Ford graduated from Maine East High School in Park Ridge, Illinois. His was the first student voice broadcast on his high school's new radio station, WMTH-FM, and he was its first sportscaster during his senior year, 1959–1960. The radio room still bears his graffiti. He attended Ripon College in Wisconsin, where he was a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity. He took a drama class in his junior year, chiefly as a way to meet women. Ford, a self-described "late bloomer", became fascinated with acting. Towards the end of his freshman year, he was a member of a folk band called The Brothers Gross; he played gutbucket. Ford did not graduate.
Ford soon dropped the "J" and worked for Universal Studios, playing minor roles in many television series throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, including Gunsmoke, Ironside, The Virginian, The F.B.I., Love, American Style, and Kung Fu. He then appeared in the western Journey to Shiloh (1968) and had an uncredited role in Michelangelo Antonioni's 1970 film Zabriskie Point as an airport worker. Not happy with the roles being offered to him, Ford became a self-taught professional carpenter to support his then-wife and two small sons. While working as a carpenter, he became a stagehand for the popular rock band The Doors. He also built a sun deck for Sally Kellerman and a recording studio for Sergio Mendes.
He turned to acting again when George Lucas, who had hired him to build cabinets in his home, cast him in a pivotal supporting role for his film American Graffiti (1973). His relationship with Lucas was to have a profound effect on Ford's career. After director Francis Ford Coppola's film The Godfather was a success, he hired Ford to do expansions of his office and Harrison was given a small role in his next two films, The Conversation (1974) and Apocalypse Now (1979).
The 1990s brought Ford the role of Jack Ryan in Tom Clancy's Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994), as well as leading roles in Alan Pakula's Presumed Innocent (1990) and The Devil's Own (1997), Andrew Davis's The Fugitive (1993), Sydney Pollack's remake of Sabrina (1995), and Wolfgang Petersen's Air Force One (1997). Ford has also played straight dramatic roles, including an adulterous husband with a terrible secret in both Presumed Innocent (1990) and What Lies Beneath (2000), and a recovering amnesiac in Mike Nichols' Regarding Henry (1991).
Many of Ford's major film roles came to him by default through unusual circumstances: he won the role of Han Solo while reading lines for other actors, was cast as Indiana Jones because Tom Selleck was not available, and took the role of Jack Ryan due to Alec Baldwin's fee demands (Baldwin had previously played the role in The Hunt for Red October).
Ford also appeared on Robot Chicken season 1 episode 8.
On October 6, 2006, Ford was awarded the Jules Verne Spirit of Nature Award for his work in nature and wildlife preservation. The ceremony took place at the historic Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California.
In 2004, Ford declined a chance to star in the thriller Syriana, later commenting that "I didn't feel strongly enough about the truth of the material and I think I made a mistake. The role eventually went to George Clooney, who won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his work. Ford also turned down leading roles in the critically acclaimed films Traffic and A History of Violence as well as The Patriot.
Also in 2004, Ford appeared in the straight-to-video Water to Wine, credited as "Jethro the Bus Driver", as a favor to his son Malcolm.
He has also completed filming on a film called Crossing Over, directed by Wayne Kramer. He will play Immigrations officer Max Brogan alongside Sean Penn and Ray Liotta.
He recently expressed interest in returning to the Jack Ryan franchise.
In June, 1983 at the age of 40, during the filming of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom in London, he herniated a disc in his back, resulting in him flying back to Los Angeles for an operation and returning to work just over six weeks later.
In 1993, the arachnologist Norman Platnick named a new species of spider Calponia harrisonfordi, and in 2002, the entomologist Edward O. Wilson named a new ant species Pheidole harrisonfordi (in recognition of Harrison's work as Vice Chairman of Conservation International).
In April 2008, Ford waxed a portion of his chest hair to illustrate the effect of deforestation. Critics hail the commercial for its use of lighting and subtle humor to illustrate a serious point.
Ford is a private pilot of both planes and helicopters, and owns an 800-acre (3.2 km²) ranch in Jackson, Wyoming, approximately half of which he has donated as a nature reserve. On several occasions, Ford has personally provided emergency helicopter services at the behest of local authorities, in one instance rescuing a hiker overcome by dehydration.
Ford began flight training in the 1960s at Wild Rose Airport in Wild Rose, Wisconsin, flying in a TriPacer, but at $15 an hour he was unable to continue the training. His interest returned in the mid-1990s when he bought a used Gulfstream II and asked one of his pilots, Terry Bender, to give him flying lessons. They started out flying a Cessna 182 out of Jackson, Wyoming. He later switched to Teterboro, New Jersey, flying a Cessna 206, the aircraft he soloed in.
On October 23, 1999, Harrison Ford was involved in the crash of a Bell 206-L4 helicopter (N36R). The NTSB accident report states that Ford was piloting the aircraft over the Lake Piru riverbed near Santa Clarita, California on a routine training flight. While making his second attempt at an autorotation with powered recovery Ford allowed the aircraft's altitude to drop to 150–200 feet before beginning power up. As a result the aircraft was unable to recover power before hitting the ground. The aircraft landed hard and began skidding forward in the loose gravel before one of its skids struck a partially embedded log and flipped onto its side. Neither Ford nor the instructor pilot suffered any injuries though the helicopter was seriously damaged. When asked about the incident by fellow pilot James Lipton in an interview on the TV show Inside the Actor's Studio Ford replied "I broke it.
Ford owns various aircraft:
Ford keeps his aircraft at Santa Monica Airport, though the Bell 407 is often kept and flown in Jackson, Wyoming, and has been used by the actor in two mountain rescues during the actor's assigned duty time assisting the Teton County Search and Rescue. On one of the rescues Ford recovered a hiker who had become lost and disoriented. She boarded Ford's Bell 407 and promptly vomited into one of the rescuers' caps (she says it was not Ford's cap), unaware of who the pilot was until much later, saying, "I can't believe I barfed in Harrison Ford's helicopter!"
Ford flies his De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver (N28S) more than any of his other aircraft, and although he dislikes showing favouritism, he has repeatedly stated that he likes this aircraft and the sound of its Pratt & Whitney 985 radial engine. Ford first encountered the Beaver while filming Six Days Seven Nights, and soon purchased one. Kenmore Air in Kenmore, Washington, restored Ford's yellow and green Beaver — a junked former U.S. military aircraft — with updated avionics and an upgraded engine. According to Ford, it had been flown in the CIA's Air America operations, and was riddled with bullet holes, which had to be patched up. He uses it regularly for impromptu fly-ins at remote airports and bush strips, as well as gatherings with other Beaver owners and pilots.
In March 2004, Ford officially became chairman of the Young Eagles program of the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA). Ford was asked to take the position by Greg Anderson, Senior Vice President of the EAA at the time, to replace General Charles "Chuck" Yeager who was vacating the post that he had held for many years. Ford at first was hesitant, but later accepted the offer and has made appearances with the Young Eagles at the EAA AirVenture Oshkosh gathering at Oshkosh, Wisconsin for two years. In July 2005 at the gathering in Oshkosh Ford agreed to accept the position for another two years. Ford has flown over 280 children as part of the Young Eagles program, usually in his De Havilland Beaver, which can seat the actor and five children. Ford is involved with the EAA chapter in Driggs, Idaho, just over the mountains from Jackson, Wyoming.
Harrison Ford is an avid fan of the sport of mixed martial arts and has been pointed out to be in attendance on the televised feeds of several events in the United States. However, there have been reports that the recent lack of televised appearances on MMA broadcasts is owing to a violent altercation sustained in the audience between him and UFC commentator and comedian Joe Rogan at the Las Vegas Pride 33 show. Allegedly, an argument brewed after Ford inadvertently caused Joe Rogan to spill beer on himself, resulting in Ford punching Rogan in the face after the comedian refused his apology and rudely called him "grandpa". The two remain unreconciled and the UFC's current policy is to exclude Harrison Ford from the broadcasts despite his reported appearances at several shows throughout the latter half of 2007 and 2008.
|1966||Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round||Bellhop||uncredited|
|A Time for Killing||Lt. Shaffer|
|The Virginian||Cullen Tindall/Young Rancher||TV series|
|Ironside||Tom Stowe||TV series|
|1968||Journey to Shiloh||Willie Bill Bearden|
|The Mod Squad||Beach Patrol Cop||TV series - uncredited|
|1969||My Friend Tony||TV series|
|The F.B.I.||Glen Reverson/Everett Giles||TV series|
|Love, American Style||Roger Crane (segment "Love and the Former Marriage"||TV series|
|1970||Zabriskie Point||Airport Worker||uncredited|
|1971||Dan August||Hewett||TV series|
|1973||American Graffiti||Bob Falfa|
|1974||Kung Fu (TV series)||Harrison||TV series|
|The Conversation||Martin Stett|
|Petrocelli||Tom Brannigan||TV series|
|1975||Judgement: The Court Martial of Lieutenant William Calley||Frank Crowder||TV|
|1977||The Possessed||Paul Winjam||TV|
|Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope||Han Solo''|
|1978||Force 10 from Navarone||Lieutenant Colonel Mike Barnsby|
|The Star Wars Holiday Special||Han Solo||TV|
|1979||Apocalypse Now||Colonel Lucas|
|Hanover Street||David Halloran|
|The Frisco Kid||Tommy Lillard|
|More American Graffiti||Officer Bob Falfa||uncredited|
|1980||Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back||Han Solo|
|1981||Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark||Indiana Jones|
|1982||Blade Runner||Rick Deckard|
|1983||Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi||Han Solo|
|1984||Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom||Indiana Jones|
|1985||Witness||Det. Capt. John Book||Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor|
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
|1986||The Mosquito Coast||Allie Fox||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama|
|1988||Frantic||Dr. Richard Walker|
|Working Girl||Jack Trainer|
|1989||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade||Indiana Jones|
|1990||Presumed Innocent||Rusty Sabich|
|1991||Regarding Henry||Henry Turner|
|1992||Patriot Games||Jack Ryan|
|1993||The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles||Indiana Jones - age 50||TV series|
|The Fugitive||Dr. Richard David Kimble||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama|
|1994||Clear and Present Danger||Jack Ryan|
|1995||Sabrina||Linus Larabee||Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|1997||The Devil's Own||Tom O'Meara|
|Air Force One||President James Marshall|
|1998||Six Days Seven Nights||Quinn Harris|
|1999||Random Hearts||Sergeant William 'Dutch' Van Den Broeck|
|2000||What Lies Beneath||Dr. Norman Spencer|
|2002||K-19: The Widowmaker||Alexei Vostrikov|
|2003||Hollywood Homicide||Sgt. Joe Gavilan|
|2004||Water to Wine||Jethro the Bus Driver|
|2008||Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull||Indiana Jones|
|Crossing Over||Max Brogan||December 3, 2008|
WINNING ECUADORIAN PLAINTIFFS IN HISTORIC $18 BILLION ENVIRONMENTAL TRIAL TRAVEL U.S. TO DEMAND JUSTICE FROM CHEVRON INTERVIEWS AVAILABLE WITH PLAINTIFFS AND AMAZON WATCH IN SAN FRANCISCO AFTER DARING ACTION ON RICHMOND BRIDGE.
May 23, 2011; SAN FRANCISCO, CA -- The following information was released by Amazon Watch: What: Plaintiffs in high-profile pollution lawsuit...