Definitions

Dagestan Republic

Dagestan Republic

Dagestan Republic or Daghestan Republic, constituent republic (1999 pop. 2,074,000), c.19,400 sq mi (50,250 sq km), SE European Russia, bounded on the E by the Caspian Sea. Makhachkala (the capital) and Derbent are the chief cities. Dagestan in the south consists mainly of sections of the Caucasus Mts. Except for the Caspian plain and the Nogai steppe and the irrigated lowlands in the north, the terrain is one of steep slopes and narrow valleys. Difficulty of access has left most of Dagestan's mineral resources untapped; however, important quantities of oil and natural gas have been extracted along the coast. The irrigated lowlands support winter wheat, corn, sunflowers, fruits, and wine grapes. The republic's major industries produce canned fruit, wine, oil, machines, chemicals, textiles, and wood products. However, by the end of the 20th cent. over 85% of its budget was provided by the Russian government. The Samur, Sulak, and other rivers provide hydroelectric power. Dagestan's terrain has encouraged the development of a multiplicity of ethnic groups, more than 30 in number, most of whom are Muslim. About half the population consists of indigenous Caucasian mountain peoples (Avars, Lezghians, Darghins, Lakhs); the rest is made up of Turkic (notably Kumyks) and Iranian groups (especially Tats) and, in the cities, Russians and Ukrainians.

An ancient area of human settlement, Dagestan belonged to Caucasian Albania in the 1st millennium B.C. It was later invaded by Huns, Persian Sassanids, and, in the 7th cent. A.D., by Arabs, who introduced Islam. Taken by the Turks in the 11th cent. and the Mongols in the 13th cent., the region became the center of a struggle between Turkey and Persia in the 15th cent. It was a Persian province when Russia annexed it by the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813. Muslim mountain dwellers resisted Russian domination until 1859, and a new revolt erupted in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish war of that year. Dagestan came under Soviet rule in 1920 and in 1921 was made an autonomous republic.

In 1991, the parliament of Dagestan declared the republic to be of full republic status. Dagestan was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty of federation that created the Russian Federation (see Russia). In 1999 several thousand armed members of a Chechen Muslim fundamentalist group, whose aim was to merge Dagestan with neighboring Chechnya in a single Islamic state, invaded S Dagestan from Chechnya. Russia responded with ground and air attacks by federal troops, and the militants retreated; the incident contributed to Russia's decision to invade Chechnya later in 1999. The subsequent fighting in Chechnya at times spilled over into Dagestan. Dagestan also has experienced violence involving local Islamic militants.

Republic of Dagestan, Russia
Capital: Makhachkala
As of 2007:
# of districts
(районы)
41
# of cities/towns
(города)
10
# of urban-type settlements
(посёлки городского типа)
19
# of selsovets
(сельсоветы)
694
As of 2002:
# of rural localities
(сельские населённые пункты)
1,605
# of uninhabited rural localities
(сельские населённые пункты без населения)
46

  • Cities and towns under republic's jurisdiction
    • Makhachkala (Махачкала) (capital)
      • city districts:
        • Kirovsky (Кировский)
          • Urban-type settlements under the city district's jurisdiction:
          • with 4 selsovets under the city's district's jurisdiction.
        • Leninsky (Ленинский)
          • Urban-type settlements under the city district's jurisdiction:
          • with 2 selsovets under the city's district's jurisdiction.
        • Sovetsky (Советский)
          • Urban-type settlements under the city district's jurisdiction:
    • Buynaksk (Буйнакск)
    • Dagestanskiye Ogni (Дагестанские Огни)
    • Derbent (Дербент)
    • Izberbash (Избербаш)
    • Kaspiysk (Каспийск)
    • Khasavyurt (Хасавюрт)
    • Kizilyurt (Кизилюрт)
      • Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:
      • with 1 selsovet under the town's jurisdiction.
    • Kizlyar (Кизляр)
      • Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:
    • Yuzhno-Sukhokumsk (Южно-Сухокумск)
  • Districts:
    • Agulsky (Агульский)
      • with 10 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Akhtynsky (Ахтынский)
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Akhvakhsky (Ахвахский)
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Akushinsky (Акушинский)
      • with 25 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Babayurtovsky (Бабаюртовский)
      • with 15 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Botlikhsky (Ботлихский)
      • with 20 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Buynaksky (Буйнакский)
      • with 20 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Charodinsky (Чародинский)
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Dakhadayevsky (Дахадаевский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 24 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Derbentsky (Дербентский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 27 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Dokuzparinsky (Докузпаринский)
      • with 8 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Gergebilsky (Гергебильский)
      • with 10 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Gumbetovsky (Гумбетовский)
      • with 15 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Gunibsky (Гунибский)
      • with 18 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Karabudakhkentsky (Карабудахкентский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kayakentsky (Каякентский)
      • with 14 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kaytagsky (Кайтагский)
      • with 16 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kazbekovsky (Казбековский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 11 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Khasavyurtovsky (Хасавюртовский)
      • with 42 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Khivsky (Хивский)
      • with 15 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Khunzakhsky (Хунзахский)
      • with 23 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kizilyurtovsky (Кизилюртовский)
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kizlyarsky (Кизлярский)
      • with 22 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kulinsky (Кулинский)
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kumtorkalinsky (Кумторкалинский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:
      • with 6 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Kurakhsky (Курахский)
      • with 11 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Laksky (Лакский)
      • with 19 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Levashinsky (Левашинский)
      • with 26 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Magaramkentsky (Магарамкентский)
      • with 22 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Nogaysky (Ногайский)
      • with 10 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Novolaksky (Новолакский)
      • with 12 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Rutulsky (Рутульский)
      • with 17 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Sergokalinsky (Сергокалинский)
      • with 15 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Shamilsky (Шамильский)
      • with 25 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Suleyman-Stalsky (Сулейман-Стальский)
      • with 16 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Tabasaransky (Табасаранский)
      • with 22 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Tarumovsky (Тарумовский)
      • with 13 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Tlyaratinsky (Тляратинский)
      • with 18 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Tsumadinsky (Цумадинский)
      • with 23 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Tsuntinsky (Цунтинский)
      • with 11 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.
    • Untsukulsky (Унцукульский)
      • Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction
      • with 11 selsovets under the district's jurisdiction.

References

External links

Search another word or see dagestan republicon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature