Cypress is the name applied to many plants in the conifer family Cupressaceae (cypress family). Most plants which bear the common name cypress are in the genera Cupressus and Chamaecyparis, but several other genera in the family also carry the name, including:
The word Cypress is also used as a descriptor for the angiosperm vine in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae, known as the Cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclit).
Iran's Ancient Cypresses
Cypress was the first choice for Iranian Gardens (PARDIS). In all of the famous Persian Gardens
, such as Fin Garden
, Mahaan, Dowlat-Abad, and others, this tree plays a central role in their design. The most ancient living Cypress
is located in Abarkooh
, near Shiraz
. Its age is estimated to be approximately 4000 years.
In Greek mythology
, the cypress is associated with the god of the underworld, Hades