Cy Young

Cy Young

[yuhng]
Young, Cy (Denton T. Young), 1867-1955, American baseball player, b. Gilmore, Ohio. He played with the Canton (Ohio) club of the Tri-State League before he pitched (1890-98) for the Cleveland Spiders in the National League. He later pitched for the St. Louis Cardinals (1899-1900) of the National League, the Boston Red Sox and its predecessor teams the Somersets and the Puritans (1901-8) of the American League, the Cleveland Naps (1909-11; now the Indians) of the American League, and the Boston Pilgrims (1911; later the Braves) of the National League. In 22 years of major league baseball he pitched in 906 games. Young, known for his excellent control and his ability to outwit batters, still holds the record for winning the most games (511), including 76 shutouts, and pitched three no-hit games. In 1904 he pitched the American League's first perfect game—no opposing batter reaching first base. He retired from active play at the age of 44 and was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. The Cy Young Award has been given each year since 1967 to the best pitcher in each major league; from 1956 to 1966 one award was given for both leagues.
In baseball, the Cy Young Award is an honor given annually to the best pitcher in Major League Baseball (one each for American and National leagues). The award was first introduced in by Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in . The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues. In , the year after Frick retired as Commissioner, the practice began of honoring one pitcher in each league.

Each league's award is voted on by two members of the Baseball Writers Association of America in each league city, which means 28 ballots are cast for the American League winner, and 32 ballots are cast for the National League. Each voter places a vote for first, second, and third place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes: Score = 5F + 3S + T, where F is the number of first place votes, S is second place votes, and T is third place votes. The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award. If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared. The current formula started with the season. Prior to that, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.

History

The Cy Young Award was first introduced in by Commissioner of Baseball Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in . Frick came up with the idea for an award dedicated solely to pitchers. Originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, the award has seen some changes in format over time. From to , the award was only given to one pitcher in MLB. After Frick retired in 1967, William Eckert became the new Commissioner of Baseball. Due to the fan requests, Eckert announced two awards would now be given out, one for both the American and National Leagues. From 1956 to , no pitcher could win the award more than once. However, that rule was dropped in the baseball season. After a tie vote in , the voting process was changed again. Each writer was to vote for three different pitchers: with their first-place vote receiving five points, the second-place vote receiving three points, and the third-place vote receiving one point (a system which is still used).

The first winner of the award was Don Newcombe, while the most recent winners are Jake Peavy (from the National League) and C.C. Sabathia (from the American League). In , the year after Frick retired as Commissioner, the practice began of honoring one pitcher in each league. In , Warren Spahn became the first left-handed pitcher to win the award. In , Mike Marshall won the award, becoming the first relief-pitcher to win the award. In , Gaylord Perry became the oldest pitcher to receieve the award, only to have the record broken in by Roger Clemens.

List of Cy Young Award winners

Major Leagues combined (1956-1966)

Year Pitcher Team Record Saves ERA
Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) 27-7 0 3.06

Warren Spahn Milwaukee Braves (NL) 21-11 3 2.69

Bob Turley New York Yankees (AL) 21-7 1 2.97

Early Wynn Chicago White Sox (AL) 22–10 0 3.17

Vern Law Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) 20–9 0 3.08

Whitey Ford New York Yankees (AL) 25–4 0 3.21

Don Drysdale Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–9 1 2.84

Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–5 0 1.88

Dean Chance Los Angeles Angels (AL) 20–9 4 1.65

Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 26–8 2 2.04

Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 27–9 0 1.73

National League (1967-present)

Year Pitcher Team Record Saves ERA
Mike McCormick San Francisco Giants 22–10 0 2.85

Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 22–9 0 1.12

Tom Seaver New York Mets 25–7 0 2.21

Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals 23–7 0 3.12

Ferguson Jenkins Chicago Cubs 24–13 0 2.77

Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 27–10 0 1.98

Tom Seaver New York Mets 19–10 0 2.08

Mike Marshall Los Angeles Dodgers 15–12 21 2.42

Tom Seaver New York Mets 22–9 0 2.38

Randy Jones San Diego Padres 22–14 0 2.74

Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 23–10 0 2.64

Gaylord Perry San Diego Padres 21–6 0 2.73

Bruce Sutter Chicago Cubs 6–6 37 2.22

Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 24–9 0 2.34

Fernando Valenzuela Los Angeles Dodgers 13–7 0 2.48

Steve Carlton Philadelphia Phillies 23–11 0 3.11

John Denny Philadelphia Phillies 19–6 0 2.37

Rick Sutcliffe1 Chicago Cubs 16–1 0 2.69

Dwight Gooden New York Mets 24–4 0 1.53

Mike Scott Houston Astros 18–10 0 2.22

Steve Bedrosian Philadelphia Phillies 5–3 40 2.83

Orel Hershiser Los Angeles Dodgers 23–8 1 2.26

Mark Davis San Diego Padres 4–3 44 1.85

Doug Drabek Pittsburgh Pirates 22–6 0 2.76

Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20–11 0 2.55

Greg Maddux Chicago Cubs 20–11 0 2.18

Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 20–10 0 2.36

Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 16–6 0 1.56

Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 19–2 0 1.63

John Smoltz Atlanta Braves 24–8 0 2.94

Pedro Martínez Montreal Expos 17–8 0 1.90

Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20–6 0 2.47

Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 17–9 0 2.49

Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 19–7 0 2.64

Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 21–6 0 2.49

Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 24–5 0 2.32

Eric Gagné Los Angeles Dodgers 2–3 55 1.20

Roger Clemens Houston Astros 18–4 0 2.98

Chris Carpenter St. Louis Cardinals 21–5 0 2.83

Brandon Webb Arizona Diamondbacks 16-8 0 3.10

Jake Peavy San Diego Padres 19–6 0 2.54

American League (1967-present)

Year Pitcher Team Record Saves ERA
Jim Lonborg Boston Red Sox 22–9 0 3.16

Denny McLain Detroit Tigers 31–6 0 1.96

Mike Cuellar
Denny McLain
Baltimore Orioles
Detroit Tigers
23–11
24–9
0
0
2.38
2.80

Jim Perry Minnesota Twins 24–12 0 3.04

Vida Blue Oakland Athletics 24–8 0 1.82

Gaylord Perry Cleveland Indians 24–16 1 1.92

Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 22–9 1 2.40

Catfish Hunter Oakland Athletics 25–12 0 2.49

Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 23–11 1 2.09

1976 Jim Palmer Baltimore Orioles 22–13 0 2.51

Sparky Lyle New York Yankees 13–5 26 2.17

Ron Guidry New York Yankees 25–3 0 1.74

Mike Flanagan Baltimore Orioles 23–9 0 3.08

Steve Stone Baltimore Orioles 25–7 0 3.23

Rollie Fingers Milwaukee Brewers 6–3 28 1.04

Pete Vuckovich Milwaukee Brewers 18–6 0 3.34

LaMarr Hoyt Chicago White Sox 24–10 0 3.66

Willie Hernández Detroit Tigers 9–3 32 1.92

Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 20–6 0 2.87

Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 24–4 0 2.48

Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 20–9 0 2.97

Frank Viola Minnesota Twins 24–7 0 2.64

Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 23–6 0 2.16

Bob Welch Oakland Athletics 27–6 0 2.95

Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 18–10 0 2.62

Dennis Eckersley Oakland Athletics 7–1 51 1.91

Jack McDowell Chicago White Sox 22–10 0 3.37

David Cone Kansas City Royals 16–5 0 2.94

Randy Johnson Seattle Mariners 18–2 0 2.48

Pat Hentgen Toronto Blue Jays 20–10 0 3.22

Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 21–7 0 2.05

Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 20–6 0 2.65

Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 23–4 0 2.07

Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 18–6 0 1.74

Roger Clemens New York Yankees 20–3 0 3.51

Barry Zito Oakland Athletics 23–5 0 2.75

Roy Halladay Toronto Blue Jays 22–7 0 3.25

Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 20–6 0 2.61

Bartolo Colón Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 21–8 0 3.48

Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 19–6 0 2.77

CC Sabathia Cleveland Indians 19-7 0 3.21

Multiple winners

Player Awards Years
Roger Clemens
7
1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2004
Randy Johnson
5
1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
Steve Carlton
4
1972, 1977, 1980, 1982
Greg Maddux
4
1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
Sandy Koufax
3
1963, 1965, 1966
Pedro Martínez
3
1997, 1999, 2000
Jim Palmer
3
1973, 1975, 1976
Tom Seaver
3
1969, 1973, 1975
Bob Gibson
2
1968, 1970
Tom Glavine
2
1991, 1998
Denny McLain
2
1968, 1969
Gaylord Perry
2
1972, 1978
Bret Saberhagen
2
1985, 1989
Johan Santana
2
2004, 2006

Notes

  • Sutcliffe was traded mid-season on June 13. His record was 4–5 with a 5.15 ERA with the Cleveland Indians in the American League before being traded to the Chicago Cubs in the National League where his record was 16–1 with a 2.69 ERA. Overall his record was 20–6 with a 3.64 ERA.

References

General

External links

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