Definitions

Culloden Moor

Culloden Moor

[kuh-lod-n, -lawd-n]
Culloden Moor, moorland, Highland, NE Scotland. There, on Apr. 16, 1746, English forces under the duke of Cumberland defeated the Highlanders under Prince Charles Edward Stuart, thus ending the Jacobite uprising of 1745 (see Jacobites).
Culloden (from Scottish Gaelic Cùl lodain, "back of the small pond"; modern Gaelic Cùil Lodair) is the name of a village three miles east of Inverness, Scotland and the surrounding area . Three miles south of the village is Drummossie Moor (often called Culloden Moor), site of the Battle of Culloden .

Culloden village was originally made up of estate houses attached to Culloden House. Historic buildings include Culloden House itself, which is now a hotel, the Culloden stables, now rebuilt as holiday homes, and the historic tithe barn which is now the Barn Church. In the 1960s an area near the historic village was drained for a council housing project, including Culloden Stores, Culloden Academy and Duncan Forbes Primary School, named after the Forbeses of Culloden, who owned Culloden House from 1626 to 1897. More recent private housing developments have since grown up around it. Culloden House nows stands as one of the luxury country house hotels in Scotland.

The parish of Culloden includes three other communities: Balloch (Pronounced bə-'lox), Smithton and Westhill. Like Culloden, Balloch is a village of some antiquity. Smithton and Westhill are post-war housing developments. Note possible confusion with Balloch ('bæ:-ləx) in West Dunbartonshire or Balloch in Cumbernauld and Westhill, Skene near Aberdeen.

Culloden battlefield is under the care of the National Trust for Scotland, and its visitors' centre is a major tourist attraction. A new interactive visitor centre has recently been built by the National Trust for Scotland and include's an interactive battle experience including an immersion film battle room. The state of the art visitor centre was officially opened to the public on 16th April 2008. Apart from the battlefield, the most notable site in the surrounding area is the "clootie well", in Culloden Woods, where brightly coloured rags are hung as offerings from people wishing to be cured of ailments. A similar, and better known, well is near Munlochy. This tradition may be based on Celtic ceremonies, involving votive offerings to water spirits. The Cairns of Clava, a group of Bronze Age burial mounds, are located at Balnauran of Clava, about a mile south-east of the battlefield.

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