See biography by A. R. Chucard (1984); bibliography by M. Penny (1971).
There were 505 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.1% were married couples living together, 27.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the town the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 77.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 66.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $15,319, and the median income for a family was $18,854. Males had a median income of $20,368 versus $18,393 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,307. About 31.3% of families and 39.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.3% of those under age 18 and 30.3% of those age 65 or over.