is the art
. The word "culinary" is defined as something related to, or connected with, cooking or kitchens
. A culinarian is a person working in the culinary arts. A culinarian working in restaurants
is commonly known as a cook
or a chef
. Culinary artists are responsible for skillfully preparing meals
that are as pleasing to the palate
as to the eye. Increasingly they are required to have a knowledge of the science of food
and an understanding of diet
. They work primarily in restaurants, fast food
chain store franchises
and other institutions. Kitchen conditions vary depending on the type of business, restaurant, nursing home etc.
Careers in culinary arts
There are a wide variety of opportunities in the culinary arts profession. Below is a non-exhaustive list of some opportunities available to those interested in working as culinary professionals
- Chefs and cooks - Work directly with the preparation of food for service in various establishments including full-service restaurants, catering facilities, institutional dining, corporate dining, and various other venues.
- Dining Room Service
- Food and Beverage Managers - Manage all food and beverage outlets in hotels and other large establishments
- Food and Beverage Controllers - Purchase and source ingredients in large hotels as well as manage the stores and stock control.
- Consultants and Design Specialists - Works with restaurant owners in development of menus, layout and design of dining room and establishing kitchen protocols.
- Salespeople - Introduce chefs and business owners to new products and are able to demonstrate the proper use of equipment. They may sell any range of products needed in the industry from various food products to equipment.
- Teachers - Train future culinary professionals with their experience in the classroom.
- Food Writers and Food Critics - Establish a public contact with the public on food trends, chefs and restaurants. Many write for newspapers, magazines and some publish books. Notables in this field include Julia Child, Craig Claiborne and James Beard.
- Food Stylists and Photographers - Work with magazines, books, catalogs and promotional and advertising to make them visually appealing.
- Research and Development Kitchens - Develop new products for commercial manufacturers, they can also be test kitchens for publications or others can be kitchens for restaurant chains or grocery chains.
- Entrepreneurship. Many culinarians develop their own business with examples including restaurants, bakeries, specialty food manufacture (chocolates, cheese etc).
The occupation outlook for chefs
, restaurant managers
, dieticians, and nutritionists
is fairly good, with "as fast as the average" growth. Increasingly a college education with formal qualifications is required for success in this field.
Culinary colleges around the world
- School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, DIT, Dublin, Ireland
Australia and New Zealand:
- Beal, Eileen. Choosing a career in the restaurant industry. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1997.
- Institute for Research. Careers and jobs in the restaurant business: jobs, management, ownership. Chicago: The Institute, 1977.
McBride, Kate, ed. The Professional Chef/ the Culinary Institute of America, 8th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, INC, 2006.