List of animal names

This lists names of animals used depending on the context. Many species of animals, particularly those domesticated, have been given specific names for the male, the female, and the young of the species. There are a few generic terms, "bull-cow-calf", for instance, that are found across species, but many species have been granted unique names for these gender/age characteristics. Empty table cells indicate incomplete data, and should not be interpreted to mean that the animal does not have a specific name of that type.

It is thought that many of the bizarre words used for collective groupings of animals first published in 1486 in the Book of St. Albans, in an essay on hunting attributed to a Dame Juliana Barnes. Many of the words are thought to be chosen simply for the humorous or poetic images they conjured up in her lively imagination.

See also: List of collective nouns.

Formal names

Animal Young Female Male Group Adjective Meat
Alligator hatchling cow bull bask, congregation
Alpaca cria herd, flock
Ant larva, pupa queen, worker, gyne drone army, colony, nest, swarm, bike formic, myrmecine
Antelope calf doe buck herd, cluster alcelaphine, bubaline, antilopine
Ape infant shrewdness, troop simian
Ass/Donkey foal jenny jack pace, band, drove, herd, coffle asinine
Baboon infant troop, congress, tribe, flange
Badger kit sow boar cete, colony, sett, company musteline
Bat pup colony, cloud pteropine, noctillionine
Bear cub sow boar sleuth ursine
Beaver kit, kitten, pup family, colony
Bee larva, pupa queen, worker drone grist, hive, swarm, colony apic, apian, apiarian
Beetle larva
Bird chick hen cock flock avian, muscicapine, oscine, passerine, pendeline, volucrine, ornithic
Bison calf cow bull herd, troop
Bluebird turdine
Buffalo calf cow bull herd bovine, bubaline
Butterfly caterpillar rabble, flight, swarm
Buzzard chick hen cock wake
Camel calf cow bull flock camelid
Cat kitten queen tom clowder, clutter, pounce, kindle (young) feline cat meat
Cattle calf cow bull herd, drove bovine, vituline (young), vaccine (female), taurine (male) beef, veal
Chamois calf doe bull herd
Cheetah cub coalition
Chicken chick hen, pullet rooster, cock(-erel) flock, brood, peep galline chicken, poultry
Cobra quiver elapine
Cockroach nymph intrusion
Cormorant gulp, flight
Coyote cub, pup, whelp bitch dog pack, train
Crane herd, sedge, siege alectorine
Crocodile crocklet cow bull bask, nest, congregation, float crocodilian
Deer fawn, ass doe, hind, cow buck, stag, bull, hart (red deer) herd cervine, elaphine venison, humble (organ meat)
Dog whelp, pup, puppy bitch sire, stud pack, litter (young), kennel, gang, legion canine dog meat
Dolphin calf, pup cow bull team, school, pod, herd, alliance (male), party (female) delphine
Donkey/Ass foal jenny jack pace, band, drove, herd, coffle asinine
Dove chick cote, flight, dole, dule, troop columbine
Duck duckling duck, hen drake flock, brace, team anatine, fuliguline poultry
Eagle eaglet convocation, brood, aerie aquiline
Eel elver swarm, cell, pipe
Elephant calf cow bull herd, flock, parade, overabundance elephantine
Elk calf cow bull gang, herd cervine venison
Emu chick mob
Falcon eyass/eyas falcon tiercel acciptrine
Ferret kit jill hob business musteline
Finch chick hen cock charm, chirm, trembling, trimming fringilline
Fish fry, fingerling school, shoal piscine, ichthyic
Flamingo hen cock stand phoenicopterine
Fox cub, kit, pup vixen reynard, todd, dog leash, skulk vulpine
Frog polliwog, tadpole, froglet ranine
Gazelle calf gazelline
Gerbil pup doe buck horde cricetine
Giraffe calf cow bull herd giraffine
Goat kid doe, nannie buck, billy herd caprine, hircine chevon
Goldfinch chick hen cock fringilline
Goose gosling goose gander gaggle (skein when in flight) anatine, anserine poultry
Gorilla infant troop, group (band)
Guanaco chulengo camelid
Guinea pig pup sow boar herd
Gull chick, scorrie hen cock flock larine
Hamster pup doe buck horde cricetine
Hare leveret doe, jill buck, jack band, down leverine, leporine
Hawk eyas hen tiercel cast, kettle, boil accipitrine, falconine
Heron chick hen cock siege
Hippopotamus calf cow bull bloat, crash, herd, thunder hippopotamine
Hog sow boar drift, herd suilline pork
Hornet larvae, pupae queen drone swarm vespine
Horse foal mare stallion herd, harass equine horse meat
Human infant,child woman man crowd, tribe, family, people.society humane, hominine long pig
Hummingbird hen cock charm, chattering, drum, hover, troubling trochiline
Hyena cub, pup, whelp bitch dog clan, cackle hyenine
Jackal pup pack
Jaguar cub
Jay chick hen cock band, party garruline
Jellyfish ephyra smack, bloom, brood, smuth, smuck, fluther
Kangaroo joey flyer, doe boomer, buck mob, troop, court macropodine
Koala joey
Ladybug larva loveliness
Lark chick hen cock exaltation alaudine
Leopard cub leopardess leopard leap, lepe pardine
Lion cub lioness lion pride leonine
Llama cria hembra macho herd, flock camelid
Lobster hen cock homarine
Louse nymph colony, infestation, lice pediculine
Magpie hen cock tiding, tittering, gulp, murder, charm, flock garruline
Mallard duckling hen drake sord, lute, brace, puddling, flush anatine
Manatee calf cow bull herd manatine, sirenian
Mink cub, kit sow boar musteline
Mole pup labour,company, movement talpine
Monkey infant troop, barrel, tribe, cartload simian
Moose calf cow bull cervine
Mosquito nymph, wriggler, tumbler scourge, swarm aedine, anopheline
Mouse pinkie, kitten, pup doe buck nest, colony, harvest, horde, mischief murine
Mule foal hinny, jenny jack barren, pack, span, rake
Nightingale chick hen cock watch, flock, route, match philomelian
Opossum joey jill jack didelphine
Ostrich hen cock flock, troop ratite, struthious ostrich meat
Otter pup, whelp romp, bevy, lodge, family, raft musteline, lutrine
Owl owlet alicia parliament, stare, wisdom strigine
Ox calf cow bull yoke, team, drove, herd, nye bovine
Oyster bed, hive, cast, culch ostracine
Panda cub sow boar
Panther cub pantherine
Parrot chick hen cock company, flock, prattle, pandemonium psittacine
Partridge chick, cheeper hen, chantelle cock covey perdicine
Peafowl chick, peachick peahen peacock muster, ostentation, pride pavonine
Pelican chick, nestling hen cock
Penguin chick hen cock colony, rookery, parade, parcel, crèche, huddle spheniscine
Pheasant chick hen cock bouquet, nest, nide, nye, brood, covey alectorine, phasianine pheasant
Pig piglet, shoat/shote (a young, just weaned pig) gilt (female) sow boar herd, drove, mob porcine, sulline pork, ham, bacon
Pigeon squab hen cock flight, loft, flock, kit pullastrine
Polecat kit jill hob chine musteline
Pony foal (either sex), colt (young, immature male), filly (young, immature female) mare stallion herd, string equine
Quail chick hen cock covey coturnine
Rabbit bunny, kit, kitten, leveret, nestling doe, jill buck, jack warren, nest, colony, bevy, bury, drove, trace leporine lapin, lapan
Raccoon cub, kit sow boar nursery procyonine
Rail chick reeve ruff ralline
Ram lamb ewe ram flock arietine, ovine
Rat kitten, nestling, pinkie, pup doe buck colony, horde, pack, plague, swarm murine
Raven chick hen cock unkindness , congress, conspiracy, parliament, murder, storytelling, nevermore corvine
Reindeer calf cow bull herd
Rhinoceros calf cow bull crash, herd
Rook chick hen cock building, parliament
Sea lion pup, beach weaner cow bull pod, colony, crash, flock, harem, bob, herd, rookery, team, hurdle otarine
Sea urchin larva, pluteus (free-swimming stage), juvenile (young urchin) Uni
Pinniped(seal, walrus, etc.) pup cow bull same as sea lion phocine, otarine
Shark pup bull slew, shiver
Sheep lamb ewe ram drove, flock, herd ovine lamb, mutton, hoggett, haggis (visceral meat)
Skunk kit boar odor musteline
Snake snakelet, hatchling (a newly-hatched snake) pit, nest or bed anguine, elapine, serpentine, viperine
Snipe chick hen cock walk, wisp charadrine
Sparrow chick hen cock flight, host, quarrel, tribe, ubiquity passerine
Spider spiderling cluster, clutter arachnine, arachnoid
Squirrel pup, kit, kitten doe buck dray, scurry sciurine
Swallow hen cock hirundine
Swan cygnet, flapper pen cob cygnine
Tiger cub tigress tiger streak tigrine
Toad tadpole, toadlet knot, lump ranine, batrachian
Turkey poult, chick hen tom rafter, flock meleagrine
Turtle hatchling bale, dule chelonian
Weasel bitch, doe, jill buck, dog, hub, jack musteline
Whale calf cow bull gam, pod, herd, school cetacean, cetaceous
Wildfowl chick hen cock flock
Wolf cub, pup, whelp bitch, fae dog, brute pack, rout lupine
Wombat joey jill jack mob, warren, wisdom, army phascolomian
Worm bed, bunch, clew, squirm helminthic, vermian
Wren chick jenny cock flock
Yak calf cow bull herd
Zebra foal mare stallion herd zebrine, hippotigrine


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