A cuff is an extra layer of fabric at the lower edge of the sleeve of a garment covering the arms. In U.S. usage the word may also refer to the end of the leg of a pair of pants. The functional purpose of turned cuffs is to protect the material from fray and, when frayed, to allow the cuffs to be repaired or replaced without major changes to the garment.
Cuffs may be made by turning back the material, or a separate band of material may be sewn on or worn separately attached by buttons or studs. A cuff may show an ornamental border, or have an addition of lace or other trimming.
Except on casual attire, shirt cuffs are generally divided down one edge and then fastened together, so they can let a hand through and then fit more snugly around the wrist. Some sweaters and athletic garments (both tops and pants) have cuffs that either contain elastic or are woven so as to stretch around a hand or foot and still fit snugly, accomplishing the same purpose.
Divided shirt cuffs are of three kinds, depending on how they fasten:
Most trouser legs are finished by hemming the bottom to prevent fraying. Trousers with cuffs ("turn-ups" in UK usage), after hemming, are rolled outward and sometimes pressed or stitched into place.
There are two main reasons for trousers to be cuffed:
Cuff pressure: Kathryn Peers improved her care for patients with tracheostomies after reading a continuing professional development article. (perspectives).
May 21, 2003; As a nurse in intensive care, I have cared for many patients with tracheostomies. A reading this article (Woodrow 2002), l was...