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Cudworth

Cudworth

Cudworth, Ralph, 1617-88, English theologian and philosopher. He was a noted representative of the Cambridge Platonists. Cudworth's most ambitious work, The True Intellectual System of the Universe, was never completed. The first part, a critique of atheistic materialism, appeared in 1678, and two parts were published posthumously as A Treatise concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality (1731) and A Treatise on Freewill (1838). In his works Cudworth attacked the materialistic philosophy of Hobbes and maintained the belief that moral ideas are innate in man.

See study by J. A. Passmore (1951).

(born 1617, Aler, Somerset, Eng.—died June 26, 1688, Cambridge) English theologian and philosopher. Reared as a Puritan, he eventually adopted Nonconformist views such as the notion that church government and religious practice should be individual rather than authoritarian. He became a leader of the Cambridge Platonists. In ethics, his outstanding work is A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality (1731), which was directed against Puritan Calvinism, the theology of René Descartes, and the attempt by Thomas Hobbes to reduce morality to obedience to civil authority. He stressed the natural good or evil inherent in an event or act, in contrast to the Calvinist-Cartesian notion of divine law. “Things are what they are,” he wrote, “not by Will but by Nature.” Seealso intuitionism; voluntarism.

Learn more about Cudworth, Ralph with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born 1617, Aler, Somerset, Eng.—died June 26, 1688, Cambridge) English theologian and philosopher. Reared as a Puritan, he eventually adopted Nonconformist views such as the notion that church government and religious practice should be individual rather than authoritarian. He became a leader of the Cambridge Platonists. In ethics, his outstanding work is A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality (1731), which was directed against Puritan Calvinism, the theology of René Descartes, and the attempt by Thomas Hobbes to reduce morality to obedience to civil authority. He stressed the natural good or evil inherent in an event or act, in contrast to the Calvinist-Cartesian notion of divine law. “Things are what they are,” he wrote, “not by Will but by Nature.” Seealso intuitionism; voluntarism.

Learn more about Cudworth, Ralph with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Cudworth is a semi-rural village on the outskirts of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. Cudworth has a busy village centre surrounded by some housing and green belt countryside. It is roughly 5 miles from Barnsley town centre, via a direct route through Lundwood.

Cudworth was a parish of Royston, and as such did not have its own church built until 1839. The church, St. John the Baptist's, was built on the highest point in Cudworth at the time. In 1920 a war memorial was erected in the churchyard to remember all the servicemen and women of Cudworth who died in the Great War.

The television presenter Sir Michael Parkinson KBE, CBE and the former Barnsley FC, Sheffield Wednesday and England international footballer David Hirst were born there. As was Archibald Stinchcombe who won gold at the 1936 Winter Olympics with Great Britain national ice hockey team. The Yorkshire and England cricketer Darren Gough spent some of his childhood in Cudworth.

Cudworth is the home to the Dorothy Hyman Stadium, named after the local Olympic sprinter who won silver and bronze medals at the Olympic Games in the 1960s. She also captained the British women's team. Cudworth has no adult football club, but was host to A.F.C. Barnsley, a club which was formed in June, 2003 when Barnsley FC were in administration. A.F.C. Barnsley recently stopped playing after it was announced that the financial position at Barnsley FC had made a dramatic improvement (information as at March 2006).

The two main junior football clubs in Cudworth are the Dorothy Hyman West End and Cudworth Tykes JFC.

The main street through Cudworth has shops, pubs (of which there are around six in Cudworth alone) and take-aways. Much traffic goes through Cudworth, causing calls for plans for a bypass.

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