See study by J. A. Passmore (1951).
Cudworth was a parish of Royston, and as such did not have its own church built until 1839. The church, St. John the Baptist's, was built on the highest point in Cudworth at the time. In 1920 a war memorial was erected in the churchyard to remember all the servicemen and women of Cudworth who died in the Great War.
The television presenter Sir Michael Parkinson KBE, CBE and the former Barnsley FC, Sheffield Wednesday and England international footballer David Hirst were born there. As was Archibald Stinchcombe who won gold at the 1936 Winter Olympics with Great Britain national ice hockey team. The Yorkshire and England cricketer Darren Gough spent some of his childhood in Cudworth.
Cudworth is the home to the Dorothy Hyman Stadium, named after the local Olympic sprinter who won silver and bronze medals at the Olympic Games in the 1960s. She also captained the British women's team. Cudworth has no adult football club, but was host to A.F.C. Barnsley, a club which was formed in June, 2003 when Barnsley FC were in administration. A.F.C. Barnsley recently stopped playing after it was announced that the financial position at Barnsley FC had made a dramatic improvement (information as at March 2006).
The two main junior football clubs in Cudworth are the Dorothy Hyman West End and Cudworth Tykes JFC.