Definitions

crotch-pheasant

Pheasant

[fez-uhnt]

Pheasants are a group of large birds in the order Galliformes.

Pheasants are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, with males being highly ornate with bright colours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than the females, and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects. While on the ground, a collection of pheasants is called a nye.

There are 35 species of pheasant in 11 different genera. The best-known is the Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) which is widespread throughout the world in introduced feral populations and in farm operations. Various other pheasant species are popular in aviaries, such as the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus).

Species in taxonomic order

This list is ordered to show presumed relationships between species

  • Blood Pheasant (genus Ithaginis)
  • Koklass (genus Pucrasia)
  • Gallopheasants (genus Lophura)
    • Kalij Pheasant, (L. leucomelanos)
      • White-crested Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. hamiltoni)
      • Nepal Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. leucomelanos)
      • Black-backed Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. melanota)
      • Black Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. moffitti)
      • Black-breasted Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. lathami)
      • William's Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. williamsi)
      • Oates' Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. oatesi)
      • Crawfurd's Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. crawfurdi)
      • Lineated Kalij Pheasant, (L. l. lineata)
    • Silver Pheasant, (L. nycthemera)

  • Imperial Pheasant, (L. imperialis)
  • Edward's Pheasant, (L. edwardsi)
  • Swinhoe's Pheasant, (L. swinhoii)
  • Salvadori's Pheasant, (L. inornata)
  • Crestless Fireback Pheasant, (L. erythrophthalma)
    • Malayan Crestless Fireback, (L. e. erythrophthalma)
    • Bornean Crestless Fireback, (L. e. pyronota)
  • Crested Fireback Pheasant, (L. ignita)
  • Siamese Fireback, (L. diardi)
  • Bulwer's Wattled Pheasant, (L. bulweri)
  • Eared Pheasants (genus Crossoptilon)
  • Cheer Pheasant (genus Catreus)
  • Long-tailed Pheasants (genus Syrmaticus)
  • Typical Pheasants (genus Phasianus)
    • Green Pheasant (P. versicolor)
    • Common Pheasant, (P. colchicus)
      • Caucasus Pheasants, Phasianus colchicus colchicus group
      • White-winged Pheasants, Phasianus colchicus chrysomelas/principalis group
        • Prince of Wales Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus principalis
      • Mongolian Ring-necked Pheasants or White-winged Ring-necked Pheasants, Phasianus colchicus mongolicus group
      • Tarim Pheasants, Phasianus colchicus tarimensis group
      • Chinese Ring-necked Pheasants, Phasianus colchicus torquatus group
        • Taiwan Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus formosanus
  • Ruffed Pheasants (genus Chrysolophus)
  • Peacock Pheasants (genus Polyplectron)
  • Crested Argus (genus Rheinartia)
  • Great Argus (genus Argusianus)
  • References

    • Beebe, William. 1918-22. A Monograph of the Pheasants. 1st edition in 4 volumes: H. F. Witherby, London. Reprint: 1990, Dover Publications.(4 volumes bound as 2). ISBN 0-486-26579-X and ISBN 0-486-26580-3. Republished as: Pheasants: Their Lives and Homes. 2 vols. 1926. Single volume edition: New York Zoological Society, 1936.)
    • Green-Armytage, Stephen. 2002. Extraordinary Pheasants.Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York. Book ISBN 0-8109-1007-1.
    • Madge and McGowan, Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0

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