Although a relational database is a common persistence layer in software applications, there are numerous others. CRUD can be implemented with an object database, an XML database, flat text files, custom file formats, tape, or card, for example.
Without at least these four operations, the software cannot be considered complete. Because these operations are so fundamental, they are often documented and described under one comprehensive heading, such as "contact management" or "contact maintenance" (or "document management" in general, depending on the basic storage unit for the particular application).
CREATE: New Patent Law Signed December 2004 Targets the Thorny Rose Garden of Collaborative R&D.(Collaborative Research and Technology Enhancement Act , research and development)
Feb 24, 2005; Although the amount of collaborative research and development (R&D) has been growing in recent decades, collaborative R&D raises...
CREATE update: CREATE is a multi-billion-dollar public-private partnership project designed to reduce congestion and remove bottlenecks in the vital Chicago gateway.
Nov 01, 2010; create, the Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency program, is a first-of-its-kind partnership between...