Craven, Avery Odelle, 1886-1980, American historian, b. Randolph co., N.C.; Ph.D., Univ. of Chicago, 1923. He taught at several colleges in the Midwest before returning (1928) to Chicago and becoming (1929) professor of American history. Craven led the revisionist school of American historians that believes in the avoidability of the Civil War. His chief works are Soil Exhaustion as a Factor in the Agricultural History of Virginia and Maryland, 1606-1860 (1926); Edmund Ruffin, Southerner: a Study in Secession (1932); The Repressible Conflict, 1830-1861 (1939); The Coming of the Civil War (1942, 2d ed. 1957); The Rise of Southern Nationalism (1953); The Civil War in the Making 1815-1860 (1959); and An Historian and the Civil War (1964).

Craven is an area in North Yorkshire, England. The name Craven is Celtic (Cumbric) in origin and is related to the Welsh word craf, or 'garlic'. In the Middle Ages, the area was known for its wild garlic.

Craven, or Cravenshire has been used as a name for the area around Skipton for centuries, although the boundaries have differed. Occasionally Craven has included the local towns of Keighley (now part of the City of Bradford) and Barnoldswick (now part of the Lancashire borough of Pendle). There is a Craven ward in the borough of Bradford.


A Craven local government district of North Yorkshire came into being in 1974, centred on the market town of Skipton. In the changes to British local government of that year it was formed as the merger of Skipton urban district, Settle Rural District and most of Skipton Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire.


The largest town in Craven is Skipton. This is followed by High Bentham.


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