Definitions

cow-vetch

List of introduced species

A complete List of introduced species for even quite small areas of the world would be dauntingly long. Humans have introduced more different species to new environments than any single document can hope to record. The following list of introduced species, in other words, is hopelessly incomplete.

Australia

Australia has a huge range of introduced species, so sub-classifications are necessary:

  • Invasive - species has a tendency to spread their range into new areas
  • Ferals - defined as animals for domestic purposes (ie. pets or Beasts of Burden) which have gone wild.
  • Pests - animals which have a direct effect on human standard of living or the environment/ecosystems in areas where they are present, have a high rate of reproduction and are difficult to controlVertebrates

Image Name Species First Introduced Reason First Introduced Introduced from Current Extent/Distribution Invasive Feral Pest
Blackbird Turdus merula 1860s ? northern Europe Victoria (extensive), South Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania, South East Queensland Yes No Yes
Cane toad Bufo marinus 1935 Biological Control (Cane beetle) Hawaii Queensland (extensive), northern New South Wales, Top End, Kimberley Yes No Yes
European Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus 1859 Europe
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes 1855 Hunting Europe
Dromedary Camel
(see Australian feral camel)
Camelus dromedarius 1840 Beast of Burden India Central Australia (extensive) Yes Yes Low

British Isles

See also Invasive species in the British Isles

Mammals

Birds

See List of British birds: introduced or feral species

Fish

Amphibians

Reptiles

Crustaceans

Insects

Butterflies and moths

Ants

Plants

Hawaiian Islands

See also Canoe Plants

Birds

New Zealand

See also: Invasive species in New Zealand

Mammals

Birds

Fish

Insects

Plants

Up to 26,000 plants have been introduced into New Zealand. This list is a few of the more common and more invasive species.

North America

Mammals

Birds

Reptiles & Amphibians

Fish

Crustaceans

Mollusks

Marine

Freshwater

Terrestrial

Insects

Plants

South America

Mammals

Fish

Continental Europe

Mammals

Birds

References

  • Macdonald, D. and P. Barrett (1993) Collins Field Guide: Mammals of Britain & Europe. HarperCollins, London.
  • Svensson, L., P.J. Grant, K. Mullarney and D. Zetterström (1999) Collins Bird Guide. HarperCollins, London. (ISBN 0 00 219728 6)
  • http://myfwc.com/nonnatives/exotics/resultsClass.asp?taxclass=R

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