is a town
in Albany County
, New York
, United States
. The population was 32,688 at the 2000 census. The town's name, in Dutch, officially means "Moneyland", referring to the Dutch settler's original assumption that the large amount of sand in the area could generate a profitable glass industry. Other influences on the name could have also been the province of Gelderland, in The Netherlands. It may have been Gelterland or Gelterlan in the original Dutch.
The Town of Guilderland is on the north border of the county. It is west of Albany, the capital of New York. Guilderland does not have a mayor, but a Town Supervisor, and although not within the city limits of Albany, Guilderland addresses technically go under Albany and Guilderland in and of itself is a town suburban of Albany.
The area was originally colonised by the Dutch
in the 17th century.
The region was once part of Rensselaer.
The Town of Guilderland was formed in 1803 from part of the Town of Watervliet.
During WWII there was an ammo dump put in Guilderland to supply fuel and ammunition to the war effort.
During the American Revolution the town was divided in its loyalties.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 58.7 square miles
), of which, 57.9 square miles (150.0 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (1.31%) is water.
The town borders Schenectady County, New York, including the towns of Princetown and Rotterdam on the northern and western edges. It also borders the towns of Berne, Colonie and New Scotland and the city of Albany.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 32,688 people, 13,422 households, and 8,764 families residing in the town. The population density
was 564.3 people per square mile (217.9/km²). There were 13,928 housing units at an average density of 240.5/sq mi (92.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.07% White
, 2.51% African American
, 0.14% Native American
, 3.82% Asian
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.42% from other races
, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.79% of the population. 93.2% of population are native U.S. Citizens, and 6.8% are immigrants
There were 13,422 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,669, and the median income for a family was $68,472. Males had a median income of $48,742 versus $34,796 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,508. About 2.4% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over. 64.9% of workers are employed in the private-sector, and 29.1% are government employees.
Guilderland has its own school district, Guilderland Central School District
. It has one high school, Guilderland High School
, one middle school, Farnsworth Middle School
, and five elementary schools. These include Guilderland Elementary School
, Pine Bush Elementary School, Lynnwood Elementary School
, Altamont Elementary School, and Westmere Elementary School
. Some portions of the town are served by other school districts, including Voorheesville Central School District
, based in the town of New Scotland
; as well as Schalmont Central School District
and Mohonasen Central School District
, both of which are based in the Town of Rotterdam
The current Town Supervisor is Kenneth D. Runion (Since 2000).
The current Councilmen and Councilwomen are Mark Grimm, Warren Redlich, Patricia Slavick, and Paul Pastore.
The current Town Clerk is Rosemary Centi.
The current Town Attorney is Richard Sherwood, Esq.
The center of Guilderland's government is the Guilderland Town Hall.
Ambulance and paramedic level care
Emergency Medical Services
for the Town of Guilderland, except for the Village of Altamont as well as Guilderland Center, are provided by two main, yet separate medical organizations. Both Western Turnpike Rescue Squad
, serving the local community since 1939 and The Altamont Rescue Squad
, established in 1937, which covers the Village of Altamont, the hamlet of Guilderland Center, and parts of the town of Knox are the BLS transport ambulances for the Town of Guilderland. Advanced Life Support Care is provided by the career paramedic
staff of Guilderland EMS
, which is a division of the Guilderland Police Department
There are three main fire departments that also provide rescue; including Guilderland Fire Department
, Westmere Fire Department Guilderland Center Fire Department
, Fort Hunter Fire Department, Altamont Fire Department
, North Bethlehem Fire Department, McKownville Fire Department and Pine Grove Fire Department.
Guilderland has its own police unit which is headquartered in town hall.
Communities and locations in Guilderland
- Altamont -- The Village of Altamont is in the western part of Guilderland, west of Guilderland Center.
- Dunnsville -- A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Fort Hunter -- A hamlet in the northern part of the town.
- Fullers -- A hamlet northwest of Hartmans Corners on Route 20.
- Guilderland -- The hamlet of Guilderland is located on Route 20. The community was formerly called "Hamilton" and was also previously known as "Glass House" from the amount of window glass produced.
- Guilderland Center -- A hamlet west of Guilderland village.
- Hartmans Corners -- A hamlet northwest of Guilderland village on Route 20.
- McCormacks Corners -- A location northwest of Guilderland village on Route 20.
- McKownville -- A hamlet near the east town line and Albany.
- Meadowdale -- A hamlet by the south town line.
- North Bethlehem -- A hamlet on the south town line.
- Parkers Corners -- A hamlet in the northwestern part of the town.
- Watervliet Reservoir -- A reservoir north of Guilderland Center.
- Westmere -- A hamlet in the eastern part of the town on Route 20 and a suburb of Albany.
Notable Natives and Residents
- David Paterson - While his primary residence is located downstate in Harlem, the current Governor of New York State maintained a residence in Guilderland as a state senator and later Lieutenant Governor of New York State prior to assuming the governorship. Paterson now resides in the New York State Executive Mansion while in Albany, but has kept his Guilderland and Harlem residences.