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Euclid, Ohio

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, and borders Cleveland. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 52,717. In 2006 Euclid's population was estimated at 48,717.

Geography

Euclid is located at (41.595563, -81.519176).

According to the United States Census Bureau, total area of 11.6 square miles (30.0 km²). 10.7 square miles (27.7 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (7.43%) is water. It is directly on Lake Erie, so it contains an area of beach front and beach front property along the North.

Euclid is a suburb of Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

City facts

Charter: Mayor and Council - 9 councilpeople

Settled: 1796 Township: 1809 Village 1903 City: 1930

Assessed Valuation: $825,325,160

Industry: 150 companies

Housing: 26,276 units

Newspapers: 1 weekly and 2 daily

Infrastructure

143.065 mi of Streets;

3.06 mi of Interstate highway (90)

1.65 mi south spur

262.38 mi sewer

139.65 mi water main

2 railroads; CSX and Norfolk & Southern

1 bus line; Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

Buildings

Churches: 25

Banks: 9

Hospital: 1; 371 beds

Libraries: 1; ~299,340 total volumes

Parks: Memorial Park; Briardale Golf Course; Sims Park; Euclid Metropark

Pools: 1 outdoor deep pool; 4 shallow; 1 children's

Police: 1 station; 2 mini stations; 96 officers; 62 vehicles; 11 school guards; 37 auxiliary

Senior Center: 1

Fire Dept.: 3 stations; 76 firefighters; 19 pieces of equipment

Motels: 1

Schools: 10 public schools (1 high school, 2 junior high schools, and 7 elementary schools); 3 parochial schools, 1 charter school

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 52,717 people, 24,353 households,the 13,491 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,923.2 people per square mile (1,900.5/km²). There were 26,123 housing units at an average density of 2,439.6/sq mi (941.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.36% White, 30.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 24,353 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,151, and the median income for a family was $45,278. Males had a median income of $35,914 versus $28,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,664. About 7.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions/history

Euclid is the site of the 1926 case Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co.. The case opened the doors for municipalities across the United States to establish zoning ordinances.

  • Euclid is home to the National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame
  • Euclid is the home of Euclid High School, one of 5 schools in Ohio to split its school up via the Knowledgeworks Foundation grant.
  • Euclid is home to the Euclid Pony Baseball League, founded in 1951.
  • Euclid is the city where the Thompson submachine gun was invented.
  • Euclid is the city where Charles F. Brush created the Arc Lamp in 1876
  • Euclid houses the corporate headquarters of the Lincoln Electric Company
  • Euclid is home to the annual CABA High School World Series baseball tournament. Past notable tournament players include Alex Rodriguez and Jeffrey Hammonds.
  • Euclid is home of the Softball Hall of Fame.
  • Euclid Beach Park was originally part of Euclid, until the boundaries were redrawn in the early 1900s.
  • Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech was partly set in Euclid .
  • Euclid was home to two government owned housing projects, East 200th Street and Briardale. Both were torn down due to the federal government's failure to maintain the properties. Briardale now serves as the Municipal Golf Course, called Briardale Greens.
  • Euclid is the home town to new wave science fiction author Roger Zelazny.
  • The cordless telephone was invented in Euclid by George Sweigert in 1969.
  • Euclid houses the Euclid Public Library, ranked 3rd in the nation in the 50,000 population category, and has been recognized in the Top Ten of the HAPLER Public library Ratings.
  • The 1987 Michael J Fox movie "Light of Day" was partially filmed here, using a local bar as a backdrop. The opening scene pans the area from a helicopter.

Transportation

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North-south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), #94 (E. 260/Richmond), and #806 (Euclid Community Circulator). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Sister cities

Ethnic groups

  • Euclid is home to a variety of ethnic groups, most notably Slovenian. There are a number of streets in Euclid that bear witness to the Slovenian influence on Euclid, including Recher, Mavec, Drenik, Grdina, Trebec, Mozina, Kapel, and Ljubljana.
  • Euclid also contains sizeable African-American and Croatian communities.
  • Euclid city schools are now 70.6% African-American. (2007)
  • Euclid contains citizens of Irish descent and houses an Irish-American Club.

See also

References

External links

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