Definitions

cottonwick

Haemulidae

The grunts are a family, Haemulidae, of fishes in the order Perciformes. They are numerous and widespread, with about 150 species in 19 genera, found in fresh, brackish and salt waters around the world.

Genera

Species

 
   
   
   
 

Genus

       Anisotremus
       (Gill, 1861) 
       

     
           
  • A.
  •          scapularis
             (Tschudi, 1846) 
             - Ecuador, Chile
         
         
             
    • Burrito
    •          grunt
               A. interruptus 
               (Gill, 1862) 
               - USA, Peru, Galapagos Islands
           
           
               
      •          Brownstriped grunt
                 A. moricandi 
                 (Ranzani,
                 1842) 
                 - Brazil
             
             
                 
        • Black
        •          margate
                   A. surinamensis
                   (Bloch, 1791)
                   - USA, Bahamas, Mexico, Caribbean, Brazil
               
               
                   
          • Carruco
          •          sargo
                     A. pacifici
                     (Günther, 1864)
                     - Mexico, Peru
                 
                 
                     
            • Panama
            •          porkfish
                       A. taeniatus
                       (Gill, 1861)
                       - Mexico, Peru
                   
                   
                       
              • Porkfish
              •          A. virginicus 
                         (Linnaeus, 1758) 
                         - Bermuda, USA, Brazil, Mexico, Caribbean
                     
                     
                         
                • Silvergrey
                •          grunt
                           A. caesius 
                            (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
                           
                           - Mexico, Peru
                       
                       
                           
                  • Spotted
                  •          head sargo
                              A. dovii
                             (Günther, 1864)
                             
                             - USA, Peru
                         
                         
                             
                    • Xantic
                    •          sargo
                               A. davidsonii 
                               (Steindachner, 1876)
                               
                               -
                               USA, Mexico
                               
                           
                           

                      Genus

                             Boridia
                             (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830)

                           
                               
                      • Bourriqueta
                      •          porgy
                                 B. grossidens
                                 (Cuvier, 1830)
                                 Southwest Atlantic  
                             
                             

                        Genus

                               Brachydeuterus
                               (Gill, 1862) 
                               

                             
                                 
                        • Bigeye
                        •          grunt 
                                   B. auritus
                                   (Valenciennes, 1832)
                                   Morocco, Angola
                               
                               

                          Genus

                                 Conodon
                                 (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830)

                               
                                   
                          • Armed
                          •          grunt
                                     C. serrifer 
                                     (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
                                     USA, Peru
                                 
                                 
                                     
                            • Barred
                            •          grunt
                                       C. nobilis 
                                       (Linnaeus, 1758)
                                       - USA, Jamaica, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Lesser
                                       Antilles, Central and South America
                                   
                                   
                                       
                              • Lemoneye
                              •          grunt
                                         C. macrops 
                                         (Hildebrand, 1946)
                                         - Colombia, Peru
                                     
                                     

                                Genus

                                       Diagramma
                                       (Oken, 1817)

                                     
                                         
                                • Blackfin
                                •          slatey 
                                           D. melanacrum
                                           (Johnson & Randall, 2001)
                                           
                                           - Indonesia, Borneo, Philippines 
                                       
                                       
                                           
                                  • D.
                                  •          labiosum
                                             (Macleay, 1883)
                                             - Red Sea, East Africa, western Pacific
                                         
                                         
                                             
                                    • Painted
                                    •          sweetlips
                                               D. pictum 
                                               (Thunberg, 1792) 
                                               - Red Sea, East Africa, Japan, New Caledonia
                                               
                                           
                                           
                                               
                                      • D.
                                      •          punctatum
                                                 (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                 - Japan, ID, New Guinea, New Caledonia.
                                               
                                             
                                             

                                        Genus

                                               Genyatremus
                                               (Gill, 1862)

                                             
                                                 
                                        • Torroto
                                        •          grunt
                                                   G. luteus 
                                                   (Bloch, 1790) 
                                                   - Colombia, Brazil 
                                               
                                               

                                          Genus

                                                 Haemulon
                                                 (Cuvier, 1829) 

                                               
                                                   
                                          • Black
                                          •          grunt 
                                                     H. bonariense 
                                                     (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                     - Greater Antilles, Brazil
                                                 
                                                 
                                                     
                                            • Bluestriped
                                            •          grunt
                                                       H. sciurus 
                                                       (Shaw, 1803) 
                                                       - Florida, USA, Brazil, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean
                                                   
                                                   
                                                       
                                              • Bronzestripe
                                              •          grunt 
                                                         H. boschmae 
                                                         (Metzelaar, 1919) 
                                                         - Colombia, French Guiana
                                                     
                                                     
                                                         
                                                • Caesar
                                                •          grunt 
                                                           H. carbonarium 
                                                           (Poey, 1860)
                                                           - USA, Bahamas, Yucatan, Mexico, Brazil, Caribbean
                                                       
                                                       
                                                           
                                                  • Chere-chere
                                                  •          grunt
                                                             H. steindachneri 
                                                             (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
                                                             
                                                             - Panama, Brazil, Mexico, Peru
                                                         
                                                         
                                                             
                                                    • Cottonwick
                                                    •          grunt
                                                               H. melanurum
                                                               (Linnaeus, 1758) 
                                                               - Bermuda, USA, Bahamas, Brazil
                                                           
                                                           
                                                               
                                                      • French
                                                      •          grunt
                                                                 H. flavolineatum 
                                                                 (Desmarest, 1823) 
                                                                 - Bermuda, USA, of Mexico, Brazil, W. Indies,
                                                                 Central America 
                                                             
                                                             
                                                                 
                                                        • Grey
                                                        •          grunt
                                                                    H. scudderii 
                                                                   (Gill, 1862)
                                                                   - Mexico, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
                                                               
                                                               
                                                                   
                                                          • Greybar
                                                          •          grunt
                                                                     H. sexfasciatum
                                                                     (Gill, 1862)
                                                                     - USA, Panama
                                                                 
                                                                 
                                                                     
                                                            • Grunt
                                                            •          H. plumierii
                                                                       (Lacepède, 1801) 
                                                                       - USA, Mexico, Caribbean, Brazil, Antilles 
                                                                   
                                                                   
                                                                       
                                                              • H.
                                                              •          schrankii
                                                                         (Agassiz, 1831)
                                                                         - Brazil
                                                                     
                                                                     
                                                                         
                                                                • H.
                                                                •          serrula
                                                                           (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                           - Martinique Island
                                                                       
                                                                       
                                                                           
                                                                  • H.
                                                                  •          squamipinna
                                                                             (Rocha & Rosa, 1999)
                                                                             - Brazil
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                             
                                                                    • Sailor's
                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                               H. parra 
                                                                               (Desmarest, 1823) 
                                                                               - Bahamas, USA, Gulf of Mexico, Brazil
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                                                               
                                                                      • Smallmouth
                                                                      •          grunt
                                                                                 H. chrysargyreum 
                                                                                 (Günther, 1859)
                                                                                 - USA, Bahamas, Yucatan, Mexico, Brazil
                                                                               
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                                 
                                                                        • Spanish
                                                                        •          grunt
                                                                                   H. macrostomum
                                                                                   (Günther, 1859)
                                                                                   - USA, Antilles, Brazil
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                          • Spottail
                                                                          •          grunt
                                                                                     H. maculicauda
                                                                                     (Gill, 1862) 
                                                                                     - USA, Mexico, Colombia
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                     
                                                                            • Striped
                                                                            •          grunt
                                                                                       H. striatum 
                                                                                       (Linnaeus, 1758) 
                                                                                       - Bermuda, USA, Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico, Brazil,
                                                                                       Caribbean, Antilles 
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                       
                                                                              • Tomtate
                                                                              •          grunt
                                                                                         H. aurolineatum
                                                                                         (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                                                         - USA, Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico, Brazil 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                         
                                                                                • White
                                                                                •          margate
                                                                                           H. album 
                                                                                           (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                                                           - USA, Bermuda, Bahamas, Brazil, W. Indies
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                           
                                                                                  • Yellowspotted
                                                                                  •          grunt
                                                                                              H. flaviguttatum 
                                                                                              (Gill, 1862)
                                                                                             - Mexico, Ecuador
                                                                                         
                                                                                         

                                                                                    Genus

                                                                                           Haemulopsis
                                                                                           (Steindachner, 1869)

                                                                                         
                                                                                             
                                                                                    • Elongate
                                                                                    •          grunt 
                                                                                               H. elongatus 
                                                                                               (Steindachner, 1879) 
                                                                                               - Mexico, Panama
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                               
                                                                                      • Shining
                                                                                      •          grunt
                                                                                                 H. nitidus 
                                                                                                 (Steindachner, 1869) 
                                                                                                 - Gulf of California, Peru
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                                 
                                                                                        • White
                                                                                        •          grunt 
                                                                                                   H. leuciscus
                                                                                                   (Günther, 1864) 
                                                                                                   - Gulf of California to Peru
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                                   
                                                                                          • Yellowstripe
                                                                                          •          grunt
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     H. axillaris
                                                                                                     (Steindachner, 1869) 
                                                                                                     - Mexico to Ecuador
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 

                                                                                            Genus

                                                                                                   Isacia
                                                                                                   (Jordan and Fesler, 1893)

                                                                                                 
                                                                                                     
                                                                                            • Cabinza
                                                                                            •          grunt
                                                                                                       I. conceptionis 
                                                                                                       (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                       - Peru, Chile, Nicaragua 
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   

                                                                                              Genus

                                                                                                     Microlepidotus
                                                                                                     (Gill, 1862)

                                                                                                   
                                                                                                       
                                                                                              • Humpback
                                                                                              •          grunt
                                                                                                          M. brevipinnis 
                                                                                                         (Steindachner, 1869) 
                                                                                                         - USA, Panama
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                • Wavyline
                                                                                                •          grunt 
                                                                                                           M. inornatus
                                                                                                           (Gill, 1862)
                                                                                                           - Mexico, USA
                                                                                                       
                                                                                                       

                                                                                                  Genus

                                                                                                         Orthopristis
                                                                                                         (Girard, 1858)

                                                                                                       
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                  • Sheephead
                                                                                                  •          grunt
                                                                                                             O. cantharinus 
                                                                                                             (Jenyns, 1840) 
                                                                                                             - Mexico, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                    • Brassy
                                                                                                    •          grunt 
                                                                                                               O. chalceus 
                                                                                                               (Günther, 1864) 
                                                                                                               - Mexico, Panama, Galapagos Islands
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                      • Pigfish
                                                                                                      •          
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 O. chrysoptera 
                                                                                                                 (Linnaeus, 1766) 
                                                                                                                 - USA, Bermuda, Mexico
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                        • O.
                                                                                                        •          forbesi 
                                                                                                                   (Jordan & Starks, 1897)
                                                                                                                   - Galapagos Islands
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                          • Scalyfin
                                                                                                          •          grunt 
                                                                                                                     O. lethopristis 
                                                                                                                     (Jordan & Fesler, 1889)
                                                                                                                     - Galapagos Islands
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                            • Corocoro
                                                                                                            •          cubano 
                                                                                                                       O. poeyi 
                                                                                                                       (Scudder, 1868) 
                                                                                                                       - Cuba
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                              • Bronze-striped
                                                                                                              •          grunt 
                                                                                                                         O. reddingi 
                                                                                                                         (Jordan & Richardson, 1895)
                                                                                                                         - Gulf of California
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                • Corocoro
                                                                                                                •          grunt 
                                                                                                                           O. ruber 
                                                                                                                           (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                           - Honduras, Brazil
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                  Genus

                                                                                                                         Parakuhlia
                                                                                                                         (Pellegrin, 1913)

                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                  • Dara
                                                                                                                  •           P. macrophthalmus 
                                                                                                                             (Osório, 1893) 
                                                                                                                             - Senegal, Angola
                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                    Genus

                                                                                                                           Parapristipoma
                                                                                                                           (Bleeker, 1873)

                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                    • Guinean
                                                                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                                                                               P. humile 
                                                                                                                               (Bowdich, 1825) 
                                                                                                                               - Distribution is difficult to establish because
                                                                                                                               this species is often confused with Parapristipoma octolineatum
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                      • P.
                                                                                                                      •          macrops 
                                                                                                                                 (Pellegrin, 1912) 
                                                                                                                                 - Spain, Portugal, Angola, Mediterranean
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                        • African
                                                                                                                        •          striped grunt
                                                                                                                                   P. octolineatum 
                                                                                                                                   (Valenciennes, 1833) 
                                                                                                                                   - Angola
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                          • Chicken
                                                                                                                          •          grunt
                                                                                                                                      P. trilineatum 
                                                                                                                                     (Thunberg, 1793) 
                                                                                                                                     - Japan, East China Sea, Taiwan
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                            Genus

                                                                                                                                   Plectorhinchus
                                                                                                                                   (Lacepède, 1801)

                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            •          Barred rubberlip
                                                                                                                                       P. plagiodesmus 
                                                                                                                                       (Fowler, 1935)
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              • Biglip
                                                                                                                              •          grunt
                                                                                                                                         P. macrolepis 
                                                                                                                                         (Boulenger, 1899)
                                                                                                                                         - Senegal, Angola
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                • Blackspotted
                                                                                                                                •          rubberlip 
                                                                                                                                           P. gaterinus
                                                                                                                                           (Forsskål, 1775)
                                                                                                                                           - Red Sea, S Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar, Comoro
                                                                                                                                           I.
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                  • Bronzestriped
                                                                                                                                  •          grunt
                                                                                                                                             P. taeniatus 
                                                                                                                                             (McKay & Randall, 1995)
                                                                                                                                             - Arabian Peninsula
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                    • Celebes
                                                                                                                                    •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                               P. celebicus
                                                                                                                                               (Bleeker, 1873)
                                                                                                                                               - Moluccas, Papua New Guinea, Ryukyu Islands,
                                                                                                                                               Great Barrier Reef, Micronesia 
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                      • Crescent
                                                                                                                                      •          sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                 P. cinctus
                                                                                                                                                 (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
                                                                                                                                                 - Arabian Sea, Japan
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                        • Dusky
                                                                                                                                        •          rubberlip
                                                                                                                                                   P. chubbi
                                                                                                                                                   (Regan, 1919)
                                                                                                                                                   Somalia, Kenya, India, S Africa, ID.
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          • Giant
                                                                                                                                          •          sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                     P. obscurus 
                                                                                                                                                     (Günther, 1872) 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                            • Harlequin
                                                                                                                                            •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                        P. chaetodonoides
                                                                                                                                                       (Lacepède, 1801)
                                                                                                                                                       - Maldives, Cocos Islands, Sumatra, Fiji, New
                                                                                                                                                       Caledonia, Ryukyu I., Rowley Shoals
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                              • Harry
                                                                                                                                              •          hotlips 
                                                                                                                                                         P. gibbosus
                                                                                                                                                         (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853) 
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                • Indian
                                                                                                                                                •          Ocean Oriental Sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                            P. vittatus 
                                                                                                                                                           (Linnaeus, 1758) 
                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                  • Lesson's
                                                                                                                                                  •          thicklip 
                                                                                                                                                             P. lessonii
                                                                                                                                                             (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                    • Lemon
                                                                                                                                                    •          sweetlip
                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                               P. flavomaculatus
                                                                                                                                                               (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                      • Lined
                                                                                                                                                      •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                 P. punctulatus 
                                                                                                                                                                 (Rüppell, 1838) 
                                                                                                                                                                 - Red Sea, Gulf of Oman
                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        • Lined
                                                                                                                                                        •          sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                                   P. gaterinoides
                                                                                                                                                                   (Smith, 1962) 
                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                          • Many-lined
                                                                                                                                                          •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                     P. multivittatus 
                                                                                                                                                                     (Macleay, 1878) 
                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                            • Minstrel
                                                                                                                                                            •          sweetlip 
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                       P. schotaf 
                                                                                                                                                                       (Forsskål, 1775) 
                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                              • Oriental
                                                                                                                                                              •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                         P. orientalis 
                                                                                                                                                                         (Bloch, 1793)
                                                                                                                                                                         - E Africa, Samoa, Japan, New Caledonia, Palau,
                                                                                                                                                                         Micronesia
                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                • P.
                                                                                                                                                                •          faetela 
                                                                                                                                                                           (Forsskål, 1775) 
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                  • P.
                                                                                                                                                                  •          harrawayi 
                                                                                                                                                                             (Smith, 1952)
                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                    • P.
                                                                                                                                                                    •          macrospilus
                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                               (Satapoomin & Randall, 2000)
                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                      • P.
                                                                                                                                                                      •          nigrus 
                                                                                                                                                                                 (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                                                                                                                                                 - Indo-Pacific
                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                        • P.
                                                                                                                                                                        •          trifasciatus
                                                                                                                                                                                   (Fowler, 1937)
                                                                                                                                                                                   - Australia, Thailand, Papua New Guinea
                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                          • P.
                                                                                                                                                                          •          umbrinus 
                                                                                                                                                                                     (Klunzinger, 1870) 
                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                            • P.
                                                                                                                                                                            •          punctatissimus 
                                                                                                                                                                                       (Playfair, 1868) 
                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                              • P.
                                                                                                                                                                              •          unicolor
                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                         (Macleay, 1883) 
                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                • Painted
                                                                                                                                                                                •          Sweetlip
                                                                                                                                                                                           P. picus
                                                                                                                                                                                           (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                                                           - Seychelles, Japan
                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Parrot
                                                                                                                                                                                  •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                             P. perotaei 
                                                                                                                                                                                             (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                                                             - Mauritania, Angola
                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Pigsnout
                                                                                                                                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                               P. rogerii 
                                                                                                                                                                                               (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                                                               - Mauritania, Angola
                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Red
                                                                                                                                                                                      •          patched grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                 P.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 unimaculatus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Tian, 1982)
                                                                                                                                                                                                 - China, Malaysia
                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Ribboned
                                                                                                                                                                                        •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                                                   P. polytaenia 
                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Bleeker, 1852) 
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Rubberlip
                                                                                                                                                                                          •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                     P. mediterraneus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Guichenot, 1850)
                                                                                                                                                                                                     - Spain, Portugal, Namibia, Mediterranean Sea,
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Canary I. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                            •          Sordid rubberlip
                                                                                                                                                                                                        P. sordidus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Klunzinger, 1870)
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Sri
                                                                                                                                                                                              •          Lanka sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                                                         P. ceylonensis
                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Smith, 1956)
                                                                                                                                                                                                         - Sri Lanka
                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Striped
                                                                                                                                                                                                •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                           P. striatus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                           - Mozambique, S Africa, Red Sea, Gulf of Suez
                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Striped
                                                                                                                                                                                                  •          sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              P. diagrammus
                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Linnaeus, 1758)
                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                    •          Trout sweetlips 
                                                                                                                                                                                                               P. pictus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Tortonese, 1936)
                                                                                                                                                                                                               - Persian Gulf, Sri Lanka, China
                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Two-striped
                                                                                                                                                                                                      •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 P. albovittatus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Rüppell, 1838)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - Red Sea, Celebes, Taiwan, Tonga, Mozambique 
                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                        •          Whitebarred rubberlip 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   P. playfairi 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Pellegrin, 1914) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Yellowbanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                          •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P. lineatus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Linnaeus, 1758)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Yellow-lined
                                                                                                                                                                                                            •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       P. quadrilineatus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Shen & Lin, 1984)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       - China, Japan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Yellow-striped
                                                                                                                                                                                                              •          sweetlips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          P. chrysotaenia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Bleeker, 1855)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - Singapore, Philippines, Solomon I., Ryukyu I,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Zebra
                                                                                                                                                                                                                •          sweetlip 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P. paulayi 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Steindachner, 1895) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Genus

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pomadasys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Lacepède, 1802)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Banded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             P. furcatus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             - Somalia, Mozambique, Madagascar, S Africa, Sri
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lanka, Red Sea, Indonesia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Bastard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •          grunt 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P. incisus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Bowdich, 1825) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               - Strait of Gibraltar, Angola
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Bigspine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P. empherus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Bussing, 1993)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               - Costa Rica
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Bluecheek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •          silver grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 P. argyreus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Valenciennes, 1833) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - Pakistan, Sri Lanka, SE Asia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Burro
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •          Grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   P. crocro
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Cock
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P. multimaculatum 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Playfair, 1867) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - Africa, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Javelin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       P. kaakan 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Cuvier, 1830)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       - Red Sea, Africa, SE Asia, Taiwan, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Longhead
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         P. auritus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - China, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Longspine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P. macracanthus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Günther, 1864) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - Mexico, Ecuador
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Manylined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             P. laurentino 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Smith, 1953) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             - Mozambique
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Olive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                P. olivaceus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Day, 1875) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               - Namibia, Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, India,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Malaysia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Panama
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •          grunt 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P. panamensis 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Steindachner, 1876) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - Gulf of California, Peru
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • P.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •          guoraca
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Cuvier, 1829) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   - Africa, Philippines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • P.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          •          hasta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Bloch, 1790) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - Indo-West Pacific
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Purplemouth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P. bayanus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Jordan & Evermann, 1898)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       - USA, Mexico, Peru
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Roughneck
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         P. corvinaeformis 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Steindachner, 1868) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - Mexico, Caribbean, Antilles, Brazil
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Saddle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P. maculatus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Bloch, 1793) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - Indian Ocean, China, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              P. branickii 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Steindachner, 1879) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             - Mexico, Peru
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Silver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                P. argenteus 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Forsskål, 1775) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               - Red Sea, Philippines, Persian Gulf, Japan, Australia,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               New Caledonia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Smallspotted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •          grunter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 P. commersonnii 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Lacepède, 1801) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - India, Oman, S Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Sompat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •          grunt 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   P. jubelini 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Cuvier, 1830) 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   - Mauritania, Angola 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Yellowback
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          •          grunt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P. aheneus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (McKay & Randall, 1995)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - Oman
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Genus

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Xenichthys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (Gill, 1863) 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • X. agassizii
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            •          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • X. rupestris
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              •          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Longfin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                •          salema
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           X. xanti 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Genus

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Xenistius
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (Jordan and Gilbert, 1883) 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Californian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •          salema
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             X. californiensis 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • X. peruanus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Genus

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Xenocys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Jordan and Bollman, 1890)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • X. jessiae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        External links

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SplashingTime.com

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        References

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