It is a medium to large shrub that under some conditions can take the form of a small tree. It is an often multi-stemmed shrub with long, outward crowing branches that form a dense, spreading or spherical shape.
American Hazelnut grows as a strong multi-stemmed shrub; with desirable, edible nuts that mature in Sept-October. Planted extensively by wildlife enthusiasts to attract and keep game in an area.
American hazelnut prefers full sun for best growth and development. Though it can grow and persist in partial shade, plant density and fruit production are greatly reduced. It is a medium to fast growing species, that suckers moderately, eventually producing a multi-stemmed, clump appearance.
American Hazelnut grows to a height of 8-12 feet and with a crown spread of 10 to 15 feet. The species adapts well to a range of soil pH and types, but does best on well-drained loams.
The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a preferred mast by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants and other animals. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter. The nuts are also grown for use in expensive cakes, cookies, and candies.
American hazelnut or filbert has low water requirements and shows a high tolerance to salt and alkali soils.