|Distance from Core||10,000 light years|
|Oversector||Imperial Center Oversector (during Imperial rule)|
|Sector||Coruscant (Imperial during reign of Empire)|
|Orbital period||368 days (reduced to an unspecified number after the Yuuzhan Vong moved the planet closer to its sun)|
|Rotation period||24 hours (Galactic Standard)|
|Surface Gravity||13.91 m/s² (Galactic Standard)|
|Number of suns||1|
|Number of moons||4 (3 after the Yuuzhan Vong destroyed one to form a planetary ring system)|
|Species||Taung (original, extinct), Various|
|Points of Interest||Jedi Temple, Supreme Chancellery, Imperial Palace, Manarai Mountains, Galactic Senate Building|
|Surface water||29% (in ice caps)|
|Affiliation||Galactic Republic, Galactic Empire, Yuuzhan Vong Empire, New Republic, Galactic Federation of Free Alliances|
Coruscant is the latest and best known instance of a popular meme: the idea of a planet which as a galactic capital had been developed into one great city over all of its surface. This originated in Isaac Asimov's planet Trantor, which predates the Star Wars version by more than four decades.
Originally the planet, which was then called "Alderaan", was to appear in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, but the budget wouldn't allow, so a lot of action on Alderaan was moved to the Death Star and Alderaan became the name of Princess Leia's home planet which is destroyed. The concept of seeing the Empire's home world, renamed "Had Abaddon", came up again in Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, and the concept of the entire planet being a city came up for the first time. However, realizing such a city on screen was impossible at the time, the creators abandoned the idea.
The concept of a city covering an entire planet is not new. The planet Trantor in Isaac Asimov's Foundation novels is probably the first fictional planet to be totally urbanized. The entire land-area of Trantor surface was entirely covered in city domes, except for 100 square kilometers devoted to the gardens of the Imperial Palace.
The planet first appeared in the Expanded Universe and was called "Coruscant" for the first time in Timothy Zahn's Heir to the Empire. Coruscant was first seen on screen in the 1997 Special Edition release of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, and the X-wing series of computer games. Coruscant was then seen in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. There is a speeder chase through the skies of Coruscant in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones that eventually leads to a nightclub in the bowels of Coruscant's Uscru Entertainment District. Coruscant is seen yet again in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as part of the Battle of Coruscant near the end of the Clone Wars, where a large part of the plot centers on the Republic Senate and the Jedi Temple.
In various novels, characters aligned with the Empire refer to Coruscant as "Imperial Center". Within the stories, this is explained as an administrative renaming undertaken to emphasize the differences between the Old Republic and the Empire.
Coruscant is a prominent location in both the Star Wars film series and the Expanded Universe media that has been produced. Within the narrative of the films, Coruscant based locations such as the Jedi Temple and Jedi Archives act as the home for the Jedi and in plot terms are frequently used for exposition or to drive other elements of the plot.
A deserted manufacturing area known as 'The Works' was the Sith meeting place of Darth Sidious and Darth Tyranus, Sidious's second apprentice and Confederate head of state and government in Attack of the Clones. Another area of Coruscant shown is Coco Town (short for "collective commerce"). Coco Town is the site of Dex's Diner in Attack of the Clones. Another notable area of Coruscant is 500 Republica, an area where the crème de la crème, such as politicians and diplomats gather. In Episode III: Revenge of the Sith a theatre in 500 Republica is where Chancellor Palpatine held his conference with Anakin Skywalker, while watching an opera. The planet also serves as the basis for an extended space battle, that forms the opening sequence of Revenge of the Sith and results in the death of Count Dooku.
Coruscant is also the location of an additional sequence added to later versions of the Return of the Jedi. In a montage scene, upon hearing of the death of the Emperor, citizens are seen celebrated the death of Palpatine with fireworks and by pulling down his statues.
In The New Jedi Order series, Coruscant is the capital world of the New Republic until the extragalactic Yuuzhan Vong overwhelm the Republic defenses in three attack waves, led by Warmaster Tsavong Lah, and take over the planet. After surrendering, the Yuuzhan Vong agreed to help the Alliance rebuild Coruscant. The new Coruscant is a combination of technology and organic life, to represent the peace between the Galactic Alliance and the Yuuzhan Vong.