Definitions

Cort

Cort

Cort, Henry, 1740-1800, English inventor. He revolutionized the British iron industry with his use of grooved rollers to finish iron, replacing the process of hammering, and through his invention of the puddling process. This process, called puddling, involved stirring the molten pig iron in a reverbatory furnace until the decarburizing action of the air produced a loop of pure metal.

(born 1740, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng.—died 1800, London) British inventor and industrialist. In 1783 he obtained a patent for producing iron bars quickly and economically in a rolling mill with grooved rolls. The following year he patented his puddling process for converting pig iron into wrought iron in a reverberatory furnace. His two inventions had a significant effect on Britain's iron-making industry, and iron production quadrupled in the next 20 years.

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(born 1740, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng.—died 1800, London) British inventor and industrialist. In 1783 he obtained a patent for producing iron bars quickly and economically in a rolling mill with grooved rolls. The following year he patented his puddling process for converting pig iron into wrought iron in a reverberatory furnace. His two inventions had a significant effect on Britain's iron-making industry, and iron production quadrupled in the next 20 years.

Learn more about Cort, Henry with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Cort is the name of several people:

  • Cornelis Cort (1536-1578), Dutch engraver
  • Henry Cort (1740 – 1800), English ironmaster
  • Bud Cort (1948 - ), American actor
  • Carl Cort (1977 - ), English footballer
  • Leon Cort (1979 - ), English footballer
  • Cort Guitars
  • Cort, a fictional character in the Stephen King Universe.
  • Cort is also a surname that was given to Jews that from Belarus, Russia, and Poland, by immigration officers in the U.S. Usually, their Belarusian, Russian, or Polish names were Kuddlechuck, Kortelchik, or Kutalczuk.

Cort is also a common medical abbreviation for the hormone cortisol.

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