A is a class of Japanese city
created by the first clause of Article 252, Section 22 of the Local Autonomy Law
. Core cities are delegated many functions normally carried out by prefectural governments, but not as many as designated cities
. To become a candidate for core city status, a city
must satisfy the following condition:
- A population greater than 300,000.
Application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and prefectural assemblies.
List of current core cities
As of 2008, 39 cities have been designated core cities:
April 1, 1996
April 1, 1997
April 1, 1998
April 1, 1999
April 1, 2000
April 1, 2001
April 1, 2002
April 1, 2003
April 1, 2005
October 1, 2005
October 1, 2006
April 1, 2008
Former core cities
- Shizuoka, Shizuoka
- :Designated on April 1, 1996, redesignated as a core city after the former cities of Shimizu and Shizuoka merged to form the new city of Shizuoka on April 1, 2003, achieved the status of designated city in 2005.
- Sakai, Osaka
- :Designated on April 1, 1996, achieved the status of designated city in 2006.
- Niigata, Niigata
- Hamamatsu, Shizuoka
- :Both designated on April 1, 1996, achieved the status of designated city in 2007.
Core city nominees
The following cities are scheduled to receive the core city classification.
April 1, 2009
April 1, 2011
The following cities have populations greater than 300,000 but have not yet been nominated. (Cities planning to apply for core city status are not shown. ※Special Cities