Fairfield is a city located in the northeastern portion of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA (See East Bay and North Bay). It is approximately from both San Francisco and Sacramento, approximately from Oakland, and less than from Napa Valley. Fairfield was
founded in 1859 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut.
It is the home of Travis Air Force Base and the Jelly Belly jelly bean factory, and has a population of almost 109,000; slightly less than Vallejo, which is the Bay Area's ninth-largest city. It shares a border with its sister city, Suisun City.
Other nearby cities include
Vacaville, Benicia, Napa and Vallejo. Fairfield is the county seat of Solano County.
Fairfield is located at 38°15'28" North, 122°3'15" West (38.257763, -122.054256).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.7 square miles (97.623 km²), of which, 37.7 square miles (97.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water.
The city is located within the California Coastal Ranges of the San Francisco Bay Area. The city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Bay. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marsh, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States. The Sacramento Valley lies east of Fairfield.
The history of Fairfield stretches back five to six thousand years. That is the age of artifacts of native people which have been excavated here. The first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisin Indians. In 1835 the Mexican General Vallejo was so magnanimous in victory over the Indian Chief Sem Yeto that the chief later became his ally in conflicts against other tribes. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received a land grant from Mexico named Suisun Rancho. This grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. He not only parceled out the town in 1856 but also, in a commercially shrewd move, arranged to have the county seat moved here in 1858 from Benicia. As an inducement he granted sixteen acres of land for the construction of county buildings. In 1903 Fairfield was incorporated as a city.
As of the census
of 2000, there are 106,521 people , 33,494 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density
is 2,782 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city is 46.54% White
, 19.08% Black
or African American
, 0.73% Native American
, 12.53% Asian
, 0.93% Pacific Islander
, 8.77% from other races
, and 7.41% from two or more races. 24.48% of the population are Hispanic
of any race.
There are 33,494 households out of which 43.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% are married couples living together, 14.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% are non-families. 17.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.98 and the average family size is 3.33.
In the city the population is spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $49,151, and the median income for a family is $52,503. Males have a median income of $35,544 versus $27,616 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,617. 13.1% of the population and 8.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.1% of those under the age of 18 and 7.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Industry and Major Employers
Fairfield has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, health care, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors. Anheuser-Busch
operates a large Budweiser
brewery facility, Clorox
produces bleach products here and the Jelly Belly Candy Company
confects its specialty jelly beans here.
Fairfield's public schools belong to the Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District
; (FSUSD) and the Travis Unified School District
Area High Schools
- Sem Yeto Continuation School and Mary Bird Community Day School are part of the FSUSD. Vanden High School is part of the TUSD, and is located near Travis Air Force Base. All others are part of the FSUSD.
Universities nearby include California Maritime Academy, UC Davis, UC Berkeley, Sacramento State, CSU East Bay, Sonoma State, Trinity College of Massage, St. Mary's College, University of Phoenix, and Chapman University. The main campus of Solano Community College is located in Fairfield.
- Rockville Hills Regional Park
- The Park is located on Rockville Road approximately 3/4 of a mile from the corner of Suisun Valley and Rockville Roads. Allows bicycling, hiking, and provides walking trails.
- Fairfield Linear Park
- The Linear Park stretches through the city along a former railroad right-of-way. Picnic tables and play equipment can be found along the route. Runners, walkers and bicyclists enjoy this park.
- Alan Witt Park
- Contains the Fairfield Sports Center and City of Fairfield Rotary Skate Park. The park offers tennis courts, a recreation building, picnic area, ball fields, basketball courts, volleyball courts and horseshoe pits. Restroom facilities are available.
- Fairfield is home to three golf courses, two public and one private. Paradise Valley and Rancho Solano Golf Courses, both public, are rated in the Zagat Survey of “America’s Best Golf Courses,” rated 3 ½ stars by Golf Digest Magazine in 2004 and voted #1 & #2 golf courses in Solano County for consecutive years.
People who live or have lived in Fairfield.