Belleville (2006 population 48,821, metropolitan population 91,518) is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario, Canada, in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. It is the seat of Hastings County. The current mayor of Belleville is Neil Ellis.
Originally the site of a Native settlement known as Asukhknosk, the future location of the city was settled by United Empire Loyalists
, after which it became known as Meyer's Creek after prominent settler and industrialist John Walden Meyers
. It was renamed Belleville in honour of Lady Arabella Gore in 1816
, after a visit to the settlement by Sir Francis Gore
and his wife. Belleville became an important railway junction with the completion of the Grand Trunk Railway
in 1855. In 1858 the iron bridge over the Moira at Bridge Street became the first iron bridge in Hastings County
. Belleville's strikingly beautiful Gothic city hall was constructed in 1872. The City Hall tower stands some 185 feet above street level.
In 1998, the city was amalgamated with the surrounding Township of Thurlow to form an expanded City of Belleville as part of Ontario-wide municipal restructuring. The city also annexed portions of Quinte West to the west.
Geography and climate
Belleville is located at the mouth of the Moira River
on the Bay of Quinte
in southeastern Ontario
between the cities of Quinte West
to the west and Napanee
to the east. These cities are connected by both Ontario's Highway 2
and the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway (Highway 401)
; The city is also served by Highway 37
, running north-south from Belleville towards Tweed
to the east of the Moira River; and Highway 62
(once Highway 14 south of 401), northwards towards Madoc
, and southward to Prince Edward County
over the Bay Bridge.
Belleville is located in a transitional zone which may be considered part of the Central Ontario or Eastern Ontario regions by different sources. By the official definition of these regions, however, Belleville is more properly considered part of the Central Ontario region as it is located west of the St. Lawrence River's starting point.
- 192km (119 miles) from Toronto, ON.
- 221km (137 miles) from Ottawa, ON.
- 356km (221 miles) from Montreal, QC.
Belleville's climate has four distinctive seasons. The summer season has comfortable temperatures and modest rainfall. The winter season is not exceedingly cold and the average snowfall is lower than in many other parts of Canada and north-east United States. The City's traditional continental climate (hot summers, cold winters) is moderated somewhat by its location near the Bay of Quinte and Lake Ontario. The lakes moderates temperature extremes, cooling hot summer days and warming cold days during the fall and winter.
- Mean Daily Temperature - Annually =
- Mean Maximum Highest Temp. - Summer =
- Mean Minimum Lowest Temp. - Winter =
- Growing Degree-Days = 2239
- Growing Season = 190-200 days
- Mean Annual Precipitation = 85 cm (33.5 in)
- Mean Annual Snow Fall = 151 cm (59.5 in)
- Average Number of Days with Precipitation = 141 days
- Average Number of Days with Snowfall = 42 days
- Average Number of Days with max. temperature > 0°C (32°F)= 304 days
Procter & Gamble
, Wilson Sports
are among the internationally known companies with industrial operations in Belleville. The central Canadian Forces Post Office (CFPO)
is located here. As this post office is the gateway between the civilian
and military postal systems of Canada, Belleville serves as the mailing address for Canadian Armed Forces
Bases and Ships abroad.
Many other companies in the manufacturing sector formerly operated plants in Belleville, including Mead Johnson, Westwood-Squibb and Union Carbide. Prior to the Nortel downturn there was a large workforce of skilled workers at two of its plants, formerly known as Northern Telecom and prior to that, Northern Electric. Federal Signal remains one of Belleville's largest employers manufacturing Air Raid and Tornado Sirens for the North American and Western European market.
The City of Belleville, with the amalgamation of the Township of Thurlow, and the annexation of a portion of the City of Quinte West, has a population of approximately 46,000 people. Belleville is the largest urban centre in a much larger market area generally known as the Quinte Region. The Quinte Region extends approximately 25 miles in all directions from Belleville's City centre, and has an estimated population of approximately 173,000 people.
Belleville's population is projected to increase by 7,500 people by 2021 to approximately 54,000 inhabitants, a growth rate of roughly .7% per year. However, two trends may result in a growth rate up to twice the above rate. The two trends include:
- expansion of smaller urban communities within easy traveling distance to large metropolitan urban centres.
- expansion of Belleville as the regional employment and service centre for the Quinte Region and areas.
- Population: 48,821
- Population Within Of City Centre: 172,625
- Population Density Within 25 Mile Radius Of City Centre:
- Average Population Per Dwelling Within 25 Mile Radius Of City Centre: 2.61
Belleville is part of two School Boards:
is the local community college
There is currently a grassroots effort underway to bring a university to the Quinte region. http://quinteuniversity.com, with a view to making the region more attractive to business, and keeping well-educated people in the region.
Belleville is home to the Belleville Bulls
of the Ontario Hockey League
. They play at the Yardmen Arena
, located on Cannifton Road. Belleville was previously home to two senior hockey teams, the Belleville Macs
and the Belleville McFarlands
. The McFarlands won the Allan Cup
in 1958, and the World Championship
- Lahr, Germany - Established in 1971
- Kunpo, South Korea - Established in 1996
- Zhucheng, People's Republic of China - Established in 1996
- Lee Aaron, Metal singer, now a Jazz singer, born in Belleville
- Sir MacKenzie Bowell, Canada's fifth Prime Minister
- Matt Cooke, hockey player
- Bob Crawford, hockey player
- Lou Crawford, former OHL and AHL head coach
- Marc Crawford, former NHL head coach
- Bobby Hull, Hockey Hall of Fame member
- Brett Hull, son of Bobby, 2006 Inductee into Hockey Hall of Fame
- Dennis Hull, Bobby's younger brother, member of 1972 Team Canada
- Avril Lavigne, singer, born in Belleville, raised in nearby Napanee
- Susanna Moodie moved to Belleville with her husband in 1840, after several years spent "roughing it in the bush"
- Riyo Mori, Miss Universe 2007 spent her teenage years in Belleville, studying at Centennial Secondary School and at Quinte Ballet School of Canada
- Farley Mowat, author, born in Belleville, resides in Port Hope
- Pete Quaife, bassist for The Kinks in the 1960s, lived in Qunite Region from 1980 to 2005
- Andrew Raycroft, hockey player
- Brad Richardson, hockey player
- Mike Schad, National Football League offensive lineman who attended Moira Secondary School and played for Philadelphia Eagles and the Los Angeles Rams
- Jason Tam, Asian-American Civil Rights Attorney and author of "Stereotypes of an Asian Man"
- John Weldon, animated movies director, Oscar Award winner (1979)
- The Wilkinsons, country music group