In particular, it is also used to refer to:
In the University of Oxford, the Convocation was originally the main governing body of the University, consisting of all doctors and masters of the University, but it now comprises all graduates of the university and its only remaining function is to elect the Chancellor of the University and the Professor of Poetry.
At some universities and colleges (e.g. University of Chicago, Vassar College, Cornell University, Teachers College, Columbia University, most Indian universities and most Canadian universities), graduation events are called "convocations," as opposed to commencements, as in other US universities. At others, such as the University of Oklahoma and University of Utah, graduation ceremonies consist of both a commencement and a convocation with the commencement being the larger, university-wide ceremony and the individual colleges presenting degrees at a convocation.
At other colleges such as Simpson College, Stanford University and Marymount University, convocation can also refer to a formal ceremony in which arriving freshmen sign the College "matricula", a ceremonial parchment that contains the names of all of the students and alumni.
The technical name given in the Church of England to what corresponds in some respects to a Catholic provincial synod, though in other respects it differs widely from it. It is the name of the assemblies of the two Provinces of the Church of England, the Convocations of Canterbury and York, and various other assemblies of other churches. These two bodies of the Church of England were prorogued by Royal Writ in 1717, because of conflict between Whig Bishops and the clergy in the Bangorian controversy. They were revived in the nineteenth century, Canterbury in 1852 and York in 1861. They were exclusively clerical assemblies until 1885, when a House of Laity was added to each Convocation. At the beginning of the twentieth century, joint meetings of both Convocations formed a Representative Council which, having no power or legal authority, was superseded in 1920 by the Church Assembly. The Convocations still exist but legal power now rests with the General Synod set up in the 1970s.
In many universities throughout the world convocation is the university graduation ceremony to award degrees to students and honorary graduands.