(May–September 1787) Assembly that drafted the Constitution of the United States. All states but Rhode Island sent delegates in response to a call by the Annapolis Convention for a meeting in Philadelphia to amend the Articles of Confederation. The delegates decided to replace the Articles with a document that strengthened the federal government. An important issue was the apportioning of legislative representation. Two plans were presented: the Virginia plan, favoured by the large states, apportioned representatives by population or wealth; the New Jersey plan, favoured by the small states, provided for equal representation for each state. A compromise established the bicameral Congress to ensure both equal and proportional representation. The document was approved on September 17 and sent to the states for ratification.
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Among the most prominent forms of advice offered are:
Although most advice is binding, in comparatively rare instances it is not. For example, many heads of state may choose not to follow advice on a dissolution of parliament where the government has lost the confidence of that body. In some cases, whether the advice is mandatory or truly just advisory depends on the context and authority of the person offering it. Hence the President of Ireland ordinarily is obliged to dissolve Dáil Éireann (the House of Representatives) when advised to do so by the Taoiseach (prime minister). However, where a taoiseach has (in the words of the Irish Constitution) "ceased to retain the support of a majority in Dáil Éireann" (i.e., lost the confidence of parliament) the President has the option of refusing to follow that advice.
The Constitutional Court Have Not Annulled the Provision Pertaining to the Obligation to Recruit an Attorney at Law for Certain Joint Stock Companies
Mar 20, 2012; The constitutional Court have rejected the application with regard to the annulment of the article 35/3 of the Legal...
A Constitutional Court for China within the Chinese Communist Party: Scientific Development and a Reconsideration of the Institutional Role of the CCP
Jun 22, 2010; There are great shifts in constitutional thinking taking place today in China among elite Chinese constitutional...