The Winthrop Fleet
(an early part of the Great Migration
) was the largest fleet ever assembled to carry Englishmen overseas to a new homeland. It was a well planned and financed expedition comprising eleven ships that carried 700 immigrants from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
. The group, led by Governor John Winthrop
, sailed from April to July of 1630. The fleet landed at Salem
. Of the 700 on board, 200 died during the voyage, and 100 returned to England soon after arrival. Some of the 400 remaining settlers stayed in Salem, but many moved on to Boston
, or other settlements.
| Anno domini 1630: march 29: mundaye.
| Easter mundaye. Rydinge at the Cowes near the Ile of wight in the Arbella...
| — opening line of John Winthrop's famous journal of the vessels:
- William and Francis
- Arbella: The flagship, designated 'Admiral' in the consortship; named for Lady Arbella (Arbella Clinton, daughter of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln , wife of Isaac Johnson.)
- Talbot: Designated 'Vice Admiral'.
- Ambrose: Designated 'Rear Admiral'.
- Jewel: Designated a 'Captain'.
- Only the fleet leaders, named above, plus Mayflower, Whale, and Success carried passengers. The others were used to transport freight and livestock.
- Mayflower: A different ship than that of the Pilgrims.
BANKS, Charles Edward, The Winthrop Fleet of 1630
originally published: Boston, MA: 1930;
reprinted Genealogical Publishing Co.: Baltimore, MD: 1961, etc.;
The Winthrop Fleet of 1630;
DUNN, Richard S.; SAVAGE, James; YEANDLE, Laetitia (eds.);
The Journal of John Winthrop, 1630-1649;
Harvard University Press; Cambridge, MA: 1996;
Seely History by Montell Seely and Kathryn Seely (Community Press, 1988)