is a term used in the Roman Catholic Church
to designate a bishop who ordains a priest to the episcopal state. The term is often used in Eastern Rite
Churches and in Anglican
communities. The term "Principal Consecrator" is used to designate the primary bishop who ordains a new bishop. A "Principal Co-Consecrator" is a bishop who assists the Principal Consecrator in the ordination of a new bishop. While legally only one bishop is needed to raise a priest to the episcopal state, there are normally two principal co-consecrators at the ordination. While there are often other bishops in attendance at an episcopal ordination, they are designated as co-consecrators and are generally not recorded in any documentation supporting the elevation of a new bishop.