The year 1932 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- E. V. Knox replaces Sir Owen Seaman as editor of Punch magazine.
- Samuel Beckett's first novel, Dream of Fair to Middling Women, is rejected by several publishers.
- W. B. Yeats rents a house in Dublin.
- The New Poetry (Thơ mới) period began, marked by an article and a poem of Phan Khôi, beginning Modern Literature in Vietnam.
- January 18 - Robert Anton Wilson, author
- February 7 - Gay Talese, author
- February 16 - Aharon Appelfeld, novelist and poet
- March 18 - John Updike, novelist and poet
- March 31 - John Jakes, novelist
- May 7 - Jenny Joseph, poet
- June 5 - Christy Brown, My Left Foot author (d. 1981)
- August 17 - V. S. Naipaul, novelist
- September 7 - Malcolm Bradbury, novelist (d. 2000)
- October 27 - Sylvia Plath, poet
- unknown date - Troy Kennedy Martin, scriptwriter
- January 21 - Lytton Strachey, biographer
- February 10 - Edgar Wallace, crime writer
- March 16 - Harold Monro, poet
- April 20 - Giuseppe Peano, philosopher
- April 26 - Hart Crane, poet
- May 22 - Augusta, Lady Gregory, dramatist
- June 17 - Sir John Quick, politician and author
- July 6 - Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows author
- July 20 - René Bazin, novelist
- July 22 - J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet author
- November 23 - Henry S. Whitehead, American author