Its long axis is directed medialward and slightly backward, and if prolonged to the middle line will meet that of the opposite condyle near the anterior margin of the foramen magnum.
At the lateral extremity of the condyle is a small tubercle for the attachment of the temporomandibular ligament.
The articular surface of the condyle interfaces with the disk (or meniscus) of avascular, non-innervated cartilage. When the mouth is closed the meniscus is bordered medially and superiorly by the glenoid fossa of the petrous portion of the temporal bone. When the mouth is opened maximally, the meniscus is distracted anteriorly and inferiorly along the slope of the inferior portion of the temporal bone towards the tubercle, in order to remain interposed between the condyle and the temoporal bone in all jaw positions.
Its posterior surface is convex; its anterior presents a depression for the attachment of the Pterygoideus externus.