is a concept of finding agreement
, through a mutual acceptance
of terms—often involving variations from an original goal
is often considered as antonym
to compromise, which, depending on context, may be associated with concepts of balance
. In the negative connotation
, compromise may be referred to as capitulation
, referring to a "surrender
" of objectives, principles, or materiale, in the process of negotiating an agreement. In human relationships "compromise" is often said to be an agreement that no party is happy with.
According cultural background and influences, the meaning and perception of the word "compromise" may be different: In the UK
countries the word "compromise" has a positive meaning (as a consent
, an agreement
where both parties win something); in the USA
it may rather have negative connotations (as both parties lose something). In the former Soviet Union
, the word was rather unknown. (See Intercultural competence
Studies in compromise
Defining and finding the best possible compromise is an important problem in fields like game theory
and the voting
system. For example, the Modified Borda Count
seeks to identify which of several options has the highest average preference among voters.
Research has indicated that suboptimal compromises are often the result of fallacies such as the fixed sum error and the incompatibility error, leading to the misperception that the other side's interests are directly opposed. Mutually better outcomes can be found by careful investigation of both parties' interests.