A Commercial Pilot License
(CPL) or, in the United States
, a Commercial Pilot Certificate
, is a qualification that permits the holder to act as the pilot of an aircraft
for pay. The basic requirements to obtain the license and the privileges it confers are agreed internationally by International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO
, however the actual implementation varies quite widely from country to country. According to ICAO, it is obtained by holding a Private Pilots License, successfully completing a course of flight training, passing a number of theory exams, and successfully demonstrating flying skills to an examiner during a flight test or check-ride
Different types of CPL are issued for the major categories of aircraft: Airplanes, helicopters, gyro-planes, balloons, and airships.
A license will contain a number of sub-qualifications or ratings. These specify in more detail the actual privileges of the license, including the types of aircraft that can be flown, whether flight under Instrument Flight Rules is allowed, and whether instructing and examining of trainee pilots can be done.