Columbine

Columbine

[kol-uhm-bahyn]
Columbine: see commedia dell'arte.
columbine, any plant of the genus Aquilegia, temperate-zone perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family), popular both as wildflowers and as garden flowers. Columbines have delicate and attractive foliage and flower petals with long spurs that secrete nectar. The common Eastern red-and-yellow-flowered wild columbine (A. canadensis), frequenting rocky places, is also called rockbell; it is a favorite of hummingbirds, and Native Americans made an infusion of the seeds for headache and fever. The blue-and-white-flowered A. coerulea of the Rockies is the state flower of Colorado. The common European columbine (A. vulgaris), blue, white, or purple flowered, has been the source of many cultivars—some double and of various soft colors. Columbine is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.

Any of approximately 70 species of perennial herbaceous plants constituting the genus Aquilegia, in the buttercup family, native to Europe and North America. They are distinctive for their five-petaled flowers with long, backward-extending spurs. Sepals and petals are brightly coloured. A. caerulea and A. chysantha are native to the Rocky Mountains. The wild columbine of North America (A. canadensis), bearing red flowers with touches of yellow, grows in woods and on rocky ledges from southern Canada southward. Many garden hybrids are cultivated for their showy flowers.

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Columbine is a census-designated place (CDP) in Arapahoe and Jefferson Counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. Located mostly in Jefferson County, it lies immediately west of Littleton.

The population was 24,095 at the 2000 census. Columbine High School, the school made infamous in the April 20, 1999 massacre, is located in the Columbine CDP.

Geography

Columbine is located at (39.587887, -105.069332).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17.2 km²), of which, 6.5 square miles (16.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (1.97%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 24,095 people, 8,656 households, and 6,933 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,629.6 people per square mile (1,401.1/km²). There were 8,800 housing units at an average density of 1,325.6/sq mi (511.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.82% White, 0.47% African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.58% of the population.

There were 8,656 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.9% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $71,319, and the median income for a family was $77,866. Males had a median income of $51,300 versus $35,713 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $28,471. About 1.6% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Columbine's Population History

Education

The Jefferson County section is served by Jefferson County Public Schools. Columbine High School serves the Jefferson County portion.

Newspapers

Columbine is served by the Columbine Courier

See also

References

External links

Columbine Courier

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