Cork oak (Quercus suber) with sections of cork removed
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Seaport city (pop., 2002 prelim.: 123,338), southwestern Ireland. The seat of County Cork, it is situated on Cork Harbour at the mouth of the River Lee. Founded as a monastery in the 7th century, it was often raided and was eventually settled by the Danes. It passed to Henry II of England in 1172. The city was taken by Parliamentarian forces under Oliver Cromwell (1649) and by the duke of Marlborough (1690). It was heavily damaged in 1920 during the Irish uprising against England. Its industries include leatherworking, brewing, and distilling.
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The Chetwynd Viaduct carried the line over a valley and the main Bandon road for over 100 years between 1851-1961, It still exists and is located south west of the city on the Bandon road (N71). It was designed by Charles Nixon (a former pupil of Brunel) and constructed between 1849 and 1851 by Fox, Henderson and Co, the same company who built the Crystal Palace in London. The viaduct stands high, consisted of four spans, each span composed of four cast iron arched ribs, carried on masonry piers thick and wide. The overall span between end abutments is .
The cast iron ribs were cast on site. When in-situ, they had transverse diagonal bracing and lattice spandrels that supported a deck of iron plates. These in turn supported the double track permanent way.
The structure was seriously damaged during the Civil War in 1922, but was subsequently repaired. The decking was removed after closure in 1961.
On 1 January 1880 the CB&SCR took over the C&KJR, the WCR and the lease of the IVR including its proposed Bantry extension. This completed the main line of the CBSCR.
The railway was incorporated into the Great Southern Railways (Ireland) in 1924. The GSR was in turn incorporated into Coras Iompair Éireann in 1945. CIÉ introduced diesel multiple units to the railway in the 1950s, which reduced operating costs.
On the right is the Cork to Bandon passenger timetable that was operational from 1948 until the closure in 1961. There are a few points to be noted from it.
-Travel time was c.2 hours.
The current car journey (without the nine intermittant stops) 47 years after the closure is less than 10 minutes faster, according to the AA website.
-It was not possible to make a same day return journey from Bandon to Dublin as the Cork express train left at 9:00am (arriving at 12:00pm) and departed at 2:25pm from Heuston (which would have allowed the 6:00pm connection to Bandon to be made though)
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