[tam-pee-koh; Sp. tahm-pee-kaw]
Tampico, city (1990 pop. 272,690), Tamaulipas state, E Mexico, on the Pánuco River, a few miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico. Rivaling Veracruz as Mexico's most important seaport, Tampico is used primarily for Mexico's petroleum industry. It possesses excellent modern facilities and also serves as an export center for Tamaulipas state's other goods, including cattle, hides, sugar, and additional agricultural products. In pre-Columbian times, Tampico was the site of the Huastec kingdom, which later became a tributary of the Aztec Empire. Spanish settlement dates back to the founding of a Franciscan mission there in the 1530s. Tampico was occupied by a U.S. force during the Mexican War and by French troops in 1862, during the French intervention. With the discovery of oil (c.1900) by English and American geologists, rapid development of petroleum industries began; before Mexico expropriated foreign-owned property, about one third of Tampico's landowners were Americans. The city boomed while much of the rest of Mexico was in revolutionary turmoil. Tampico is the seat of a state university and an active cultural center.

Tampico is a village located in Whiteside County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 772.


On February 6, 1911, former US President Ronald Reagan was born in a second story apartment situated over the local bank. The building where the apartment is located overlooks the main street (Illinois Highway 172). Reagan was born in the front bedroom of the apartment.

Tampico was also the birthplace of Admiral Joseph M. Reeves.


Tampico is located at 41°37'50" North, 89°47'8" West (41.630559, -89.785573). Its elevation is about 640 feet.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

Tampico is located about 40 miles east-northeast of Moline and approximately 110 miles west of Chicago.


As of the census of 2000, there are 772 people, 292 households, and 205 families residing in the village. The population density is 1,941.3 people per square mile (745.2/km²). There are 315 housing units at an average density of 792.1/sq mi (304.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village is 99.74% White, 0.00% African American, 0.00% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.13% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 292 households out of which 33.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% are married couples living together, 9.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% are non-families. 24.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.64 and the average family size is 3.10.

In the village the population is spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village is $40,221, and the median income for a family is $43,646. Males have a median income of $30,667 versus $18,409 for females. The per capita income for the village is $14,467. 8.5% of the population and 6.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.2% of those under the age of 18 and 4.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

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