is a fictional country in Italo Calvino
's novel If on a Winters Night a Traveler
. The country is described as having existed as an independent state between World War I
and World War II
. The capital is Örkko, and its principal resources are peat and by-products, bitumonous compounds. It seems to have been located somewhere on the Gulf of Bothnia
. The country has since been absorbed, and its people and language, of the 'Bothno-Ugaric' group, have both disappeared.
As Calvino concludes the alleged, fictional encyclopedia entry concerning Cimmeria: "In successive territorial divisions between her powerful neighbors the young nation was soon erased from the map; the autochthonous population was dispersed; Cimmerian language and culture had no development (If on a Winters Night a Traveler