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Colter

Colter

[kohl-ter]
Colter, John, c.1775-1813, American trapper and guide, b. Virginia. In 1803 he enlisted in the Lewis and Clark expedition and in 1806, on the return trip, was granted a discharge to join a party of trappers. The following year, on his way to St. Louis, he met the expedition of Manuel Lisa and was engaged to guide the party to the mouth of the Big Horn, where a post was built. Lisa sent Colter on a mission to the Crow. His exact route is not certain, but he is believed to have crossed, alone and on foot, the Wind River Mts. and the Teton range, and he may have been the first white man to see the region that he traversed (now included in Yellowstone National Park). He was severely wounded in a battle between the Crow and Blackfoot, but he escaped and made his way back to the post. In 1809 he guided an expedition of the St. Louis Missouri Fur Company to the Three Forks of the Missouri, returning to St. Louis in 1810. He furnished very valuable data to Clark, who was compiling maps for the report of the Lewis and Clark expedition.

See biographies by S. Vinton (1926) and B. Harris (1952).

colter: see plow.

(born circa 1775, in or near Staunton, Va.—died 1813, in present-day Missouri, U.S.) U.S. explorer. A member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1803–06), in 1807 he was sent to make contact with Indian tribes in the Yellowstone River area; he became the first white man to see and describe the region. In three expeditions to the head of the Missouri River (1808–10), he narrowly escaped death in battles with Indians. He retired to a farm on the Missouri.

Learn more about Colter, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born circa 1775, in or near Staunton, Va.—died 1813, in present-day Missouri, U.S.) U.S. explorer. A member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1803–06), in 1807 he was sent to make contact with Indian tribes in the Yellowstone River area; he became the first white man to see and describe the region. In three expeditions to the head of the Missouri River (1808–10), he narrowly escaped death in battles with Indians. He retired to a farm on the Missouri.

Learn more about Colter, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Colter is the name of a place, a family name, a company name and the title of a book.

Place

People

See also Coulter for similar-sounding names.

Companies

Books

  • Colter: The True Story of the Best Dog I Ever Had, by the American author Rick Bass. ISBN 0-618-12736-4

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