Colt

Colt

[kohlt]
Colt, Samuel, 1814-62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835-36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S. government in 1847 in the Mexican War made possible the reestablishment of his business. He later built the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company factory at Hartford. Colt also invented a submarine battery used in harbor defense and a submarine telegraph cable. His revolving-breech pistol became so popular that the word Colt was sometimes used as a generic term for the revolver.

See biography by W. B. Edwards (1953).

(born July 19, 1814, Hartford, Conn., U.S.—died Jan. 10, 1862, Hartford) U.S. inventor. He worked in his father's textile factory before going to sea in 1830. On a voyage to India he conceived the idea for his first revolver, which he later patented (1835–36). Colt's six-shooters were slow to gain acceptance, and his company in Paterson, N.J., failed in 1842. He invented a naval mine with the first remotely controlled explosive in 1843 and conducted a telegraph business that used the first underwater cable. Soldiers' favourable reports prompted an order for 1,000 pistols during the Mexican War, and Colt resumed manufacture in 1847. Assisted by Eli Whitney, Jr., he advanced the development of interchangeable parts and the assembly line. His firm, based in Hartford, produced the revolvers most widely used in the American Civil War and in the settlement of the West, including the famous Colt .45.

Learn more about Colt, Samuel with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 19, 1814, Hartford, Conn., U.S.—died Jan. 10, 1862, Hartford) U.S. inventor. He worked in his father's textile factory before going to sea in 1830. On a voyage to India he conceived the idea for his first revolver, which he later patented (1835–36). Colt's six-shooters were slow to gain acceptance, and his company in Paterson, N.J., failed in 1842. He invented a naval mine with the first remotely controlled explosive in 1843 and conducted a telegraph business that used the first underwater cable. Soldiers' favourable reports prompted an order for 1,000 pistols during the Mexican War, and Colt resumed manufacture in 1847. Assisted by Eli Whitney, Jr., he advanced the development of interchangeable parts and the assembly line. His firm, based in Hartford, produced the revolvers most widely used in the American Civil War and in the settlement of the West, including the famous Colt .45.

Learn more about Colt, Samuel with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Colt is a city in St. Francis County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 368 at the 2000 census. It was the birthplace of country singer Charlie Rich.

Geography

Colt is located at (35.130750, -90.811261).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 368 people, 163 households, and 111 families residing in the city. The population density was 295.2 people per square mile (113.7/km²). There were 188 housing units at an average density of 150.8/sq mi (58.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.02% White, 5.43% Black or African American, 0.54% from other races. 0.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 163 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $37,000. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,958. About 11.7% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people with ties to Colt

  • Charlie Rich - Multiple Grammy Award winning country artist was born in Colt.

References

External links

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