The Office for the Administrative Review of the Detention of Enemy Combatants is responsible for running Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRT) for captives held in extrajudicial detention in the Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba and running annual Administrative Review Boards which make recommentations as to whether the USA needs to continue to hold captives deemed enemy combatants. annually reviewing whether those suspected terrorists detained by the Military of the United States still posed a threat. It is the follow-on to the Combatant Status Review Tribunals.
On June 22 2007, an appeal on behalf of Guantanamo captive Fawzi al-Odah contained an affidavit from Stephen Abraham, a lawyer and United States Army reserve officer, which was highly critical of OARDEC's procedures. According to the Washington Post Abraham felt compelled to come forward after hearing his former boss, Rear Admiral James M. McGarrah call the Tribunal process "fair".