Porter, Cole, 1891-1964, American composer and lyricist, b. Peru, Ind., grad. Yale, 1913. Porter's witty, sophisticated lyrics and his affecting melodies place him high in the ranks of American composers of popular music. He was an elegant and debonair man, in spite of a riding accident (1937) that left him crippled. He studied music at Harvard and with D'Indy at the Schola Cantorum in Paris. After one early failure, most of his musicals were vastly successful. They include Greenwich Village Follies (1924); Gay Divorce (1932); Anything Goes (1934); Jubilee (1935); Red, Hot and Blue (1936); Du Barry Was a Lady (1939); Panama Hattie (1940); Something for the Boys (1943); Kiss Me, Kate (1948); Can-Can (1953); and Silk Stockings (1955). Among Porter's film scores are Born to Dance (1936) and High Society (1956). His most popular songs include "Night and Day," "Begin the Beguine," "Let's Do It," and "In the Still of the Night."

See The Cole Porter Song Book (1959); R. Kimball, ed., The Complete Lyrics of Cole Porter (1983) and Cole Porter: Selected Lyrics (2006); biography by W. McBrien (1998); R. Kimball, ed., Cole (1971, repr. 2000).

Younger, Cole (Thomas Coleman Younger), 1844-1916, American outlaw, b. Jackson co., Mo. After the Civil War he joined the outlaw band of Jesse James, with whom he had served as a Confederate guerrilla under William C. Quantrill. He became a trusted and influential member of the gang. With two of his brothers, James and Robert, Cole was captured after an unsuccessful attempt to rob the bank at Northfield, Minn. (1876), and all three were sentenced to life imprisonment. Largely through the efforts of Capt. Warren C. Bronaugh, a Confederate veteran, who alleged that the brothers had been driven into crime by persecution of their family during the Civil War, Cole and James were paroled in 1901. Robert had died in prison in 1889. James committed suicide in 1902, but Cole Younger, completely pardoned in 1903, returned to Missouri, where he lectured, traveled with a wild West show, and worked peacefully at various jobs.

See his autobiography (1903, repr. 1955); W. C. Bronaugh, The Youngers' Fight for Freedom (1906); H. Croy, Last of the Great Outlaws (1956); C. W. Breihan, The Younger Brothers (1961).

Cole, George Douglas Howard, 1889-1959, English economist, labor historian, and socialist. Educated at Oxford, he was long associated with the university and held a professorship from 1944 to 1957. For many years a leading exponent of guild socialism, he later returned to his original Fabianism, acting as chairman of the Fabian Society from 1939 to 1946 and becoming its president in 1952. His many books, mainly on labor and socialism, range from popular works to scholarly studies. Among his original works are A Short History of the British Working Class Movement (3 vol., 1927; rev. ed. 1948), The British Common People (with Raymond W. Postgate, 1939; rev. ed. The British People, 1947), and A History of Socialist Thought (5 vol. in 7, 1953-60). With his wife, Margaret Isabel (Postgate) Cole, 1893-1980, he wrote over 30 detective stories as well as works on economics and politics. Her works include Beatrice Webb (1945), The Story of Fabian Socialism (1961), and a biography of her husband (1971). She also edited Beatrice Webb's diaries.

See biography of George Cole by L. P. Carpenter (1973).

Cole, Margaret Isabel (Postgate): see Cole, George Douglas Howard.
Cole, Nat "King," 1919-65, American musician and composer, b. Montgomery, Ala., as Nathaniel Adams Coles. A jazz pianist, he played Los Angeles nightclubs and in 1938 formed the original King Cole Trio. Later he turned to singing and became internationally popular for his smooth, velvety voice and broodingly romantic hits, such as "Unforgettable" and "Mona Lisa." He was one of the first African-American artists to star in a radio show (1948-49), and in 1956 he became the first African American to host a network television show. His daughter Natalie (Maria) Cole, 1950-, b. Los Angeles, is also a popular singer.

See biography by D. M. Epstein (1999).

Cole, Thomas, 1801-48, American landscape painter, b. England. He arrived in the United States in 1818 and moved to Ohio, where he was impressed by the beauty of the countryside. In 1825 he went to New York, where his landscape paintings began to be appreciated. Largely self-taught, he depicted the scenery of the Hudson River valley and the Catskills, which he discovered on long walking trips, becoming a leader of the Hudson River school. In 1829 he went to Europe, where he spent some time sketching in England and Italy. In Paris he greatly admired the landscapes of Claude Lorrain. After he returned to New York, he was commissioned (1832) to paint his five famous allegorical scenes, farfetched and neoclassical in style, known as the Course of Empire (N.-Y. Historical Soc., New York City). This series and the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden (Mus. of Fine Arts, Boston) reflect his strong moralizing tendencies, combined with elements of fantasy; they are far less successful than his landscapes. Other works, such as Oxbow (Metropolitan Mus.) and Catskill Mountains (Mus. of Art, Cleveland), reveal his joy in the grandeur of nature.

See biography by L. L. Noble (1964).

Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931, American wood engraver, b. London. He came to the United States as a child. Cole learned his trade in Chicago and later moved to New York, where in 1873 he began his 40-year association with the Century Magazine (then Scribner's). He was a pioneer and consummate craftsman in the white line technique of wood engraving, which allowed a more faithful reproduction of the works of European masters and popular contemporary painters. Dutch and Flemish Masters (1901) is one of the books that he engraved.
Cole is a town in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 473 at the 2000 census.


Cole was originally founded on 10 acres of land donated by Mrs. A. E. Cunningham and Judge Presley Cole. The town was named Cole after it was decided Cunningham was too long a name. Cole's first post office, created in 1912, was in the Cunningham home, though it was moved later to Read's General Merchandise Store.


Cole is located at (35.105921, -97.572964).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39.1 km²), all of it land.

Cole is located along State Highway 74B.


As of the census of 2000, there were 473 people, 169 households, and 141 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.4 people per square mile (12.1/km²). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 12.1/sq mi (4.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.27% White, 0.21% African American, 6.55% Native American, 0.63% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.75% of the population.

There were 169 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.0% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,588, and the median income for a family was $41,750. Males had a median income of $29,732 versus $18,542 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,474. About 10.2% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.


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