Definitions

cold coffee

Iced coffee

Iced coffee is a cold variant of the normally hot beverage coffee.

Preparation

There are several ways of preparing iced coffee. Ordinary hot-brewed coffee can be served cold, although this may result in a bitter-tasting product. Cold brewing relies on time, rather than heat, to transfer the coffee flavor to the water. In order to achieve this, ground coffee is soaked in water for hours and then filtered. This may be done in any container, such as a mason jar, although commercialized cold brewing systems also exist.

In more recent times it has become common for coffee shops to offer 'iced' versions of their most popular coffee drinks. The iced latte and iced mocha are the two most common examples of this. A quick way of preparing such drinks is to make a small quantity of strong, hot espresso, dissolving the required sweetener/flavorings in the hot liquid and then pouring this directly into a cup of ice cold milk. This method is particularly common in busier coffee shops where rapid customer turnover is required.

Serving

Depending on the brewing method, iced coffee can be served already chilled, or poured hot, double strength, over an equal amount of ice. Because sugar does not dissolve readily into cold liquids, it must be added either directly to the hot base, or to the finished product in the form of simple syrup, which can be made by mixing quantities of water, dairy, soymilk and/or sugar, then simmering over low heat until the desired viscosity is attained. Instead of sugar, most synthetic substitutes such as aspartame (Equal, Nutrasweet) or sucralose (Splenda) will dissolve readily into cold coffee.

Variations by Country

Australia

In Australia, iced coffee is a cold flavoured milk drink as opposed to simply coffee that has been chilled or cold-brewed. Home made iced coffee is often served with ice cream and whipped cream. The result is something like an un-blended milk shake.

There are many restaurants and cafes which also serve iced coffee made from chilled coffee and water (with or without ice) with ice cream, syrup, cream and cocoa powder or coffee beans on top.

Some commercial varieties of iced coffee are made from real coffee while others contain only coffee flavouring. Most commercial varieties of Australian iced coffee have 2-3 times the caffeine of cola.

Iced coffee has been sold commercially in Australia since the late 19th century in the form of a syrup, an example of which is Bushells Coffe and Chickory Essence, and more recently as a prepackaged, ready to consume drink.

One popular brand is Farmer's Union Iced Coffee, which outsells Coca Cola in South Australia and has become an official icon and legend in that state This particular brand is now widely available in Queensland (as far north as Mackay), Northern Territory, Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania. The product is not yet available in Western Australia.

Pauls Iced Coffee is the second most popular drink in the Northern Territory, after beer. It is not available outside of the Northern Territory, save for rare instances when it is sold in Dili, East Timor.

Other varieties include Big M, Ice Break, Brownes Iced Coffee Chill, Brownes Coffee Chill, Brownes Dome Cappucino Supershake, Brownes Mocha Chill, Dare, Masters Espresso, Masters Iced Coffee and Max Iced Coffee.

The formulation of the original Max Iced Coffee was changed in September 2001 from full cream milk to low fat. Despite a number of appeals by consumers to the Max Iced Coffee owners (Dairy Farmers) to switch back to the full cream formulation, the low fat variety has remained as the only available Max Iced Coffee in South Australia. However, in other parts of Australia, full cream Max Iced Coffee is still available (known as Oak Iced Coffee).

Saudi Arabia

The iced coffee is a very well known drink in Saudi Arabia after hot coffee, as everybody knows that the coffee started in Saudi Arabia as an old traditional drink. Now iced coffee become a preferable drink among the youth especially in the summer where the temperature reach 50 Celsius. Iced coffee now started to be shown in the retail business by imported and local producers. Recently, Iced coffee been introduced by dairy company which called NADEC. Other company called ALrabei introduced flavored iced coffee.

Germany

In Germany there are different types of Eiskaffee (iced coffee). The most widespread form is a flavoured milk drink similar to Australian iced coffee, generally spelled as Eiscafé (from the French café) and available in German coffeehouses and in Eisdielen (ice-cream parlours). However, this type of iced coffee is rarely available in German supermarkets. The most widespread form of iced coffee in supermarkets is a canned version from a variety of brands with different flavours such as Cappuccino and Espresso. This iced coffee is very similar to the canned iced coffee in the UK and in the case of some brands (particularly Nestlé) actually the same product.

Greece

In Greece one of the most popular coffees is a variation of iced coffee, called Frappé invented by Yiannis Dritsas. Its is stirred in an electric mixer and thus has a foam on top. Milk is optional. It became well-known during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games when many tourists became fond of it and an article on the Los Angeles Times was written about it.

Other popular cold coffee beverages in Greece are espresso and capuccino freddo.

India

"Cold coffee" has become an extremely popular drink in India over the last several years. Typically it consists of Nescafe instant coffee mixed with cold milk in a blender, producing a thin, coffee-flavored smoothie. A more upscale version is popular in the espresso bar chains Barrista and Cafe Coffee Day. This is made with a shot of espresso and cold milk, like a latte.

Israel

"Ice Café" as pronounced in Hebrew, is a coffee-flavored slushie, (coffee blended with crushed ice to which sugar and milk is added). It is somewhat popular in Israel, in response to the often hot weather. Most coffee places offer regular Iced Coffee composed of espresso shot poured on milk and ice cubes.

Italy

In Italy Nestlé introduced the Greek frappé coffee under its Nescafé Red Cup line, with the name Red Cup Iced Coffee. Many Italian coffee bars serve "caffè freddo," which is straight espresso kept in a freezer and served as icy slush.

Japan

In Japan, iced coffee (アイスコーヒー iced coffee in Japanese) has been drunk since Taishō period (around 1920s) in coffee shops. It is served with gum syrup and milk. Cold tea was already popular, so it was natural to drink cold coffee. In 1969, UCC Ueshima Coffee released canned coffee, which made coffee available everywhere. Today, Japanese canned coffee is consumed both cold and hot.

Thailand

Thai iced coffee is brewed using strong black coffee, sweetened with sugar, heavy cream (or half-and-half) and cardamom, and quickly cooled and served over ice. Some variations are brewed using espresso. Thai iced coffee can be served with whipped cream on top for a layered effect, and garnished with cinnamon, vanilla and/or anise. It is a common menu item at Thai restaurants and works well after a spicy meal.

United Kingdom

In United Kingdom, iced coffee comes in a variety of forms. There is a canned version, produced by Nestlé, who make a variety of flavours such as Cappuccino and Mochaccino. These cans are found in most (if not all) supermarkets and are usually found in the tea/coffee aisle, as opposed to being ready chilled, which is meant to be done by the customer at their own home.

United States

Long popular among coffee enthusiasts, in the U.S., iced coffee is quickly gaining popularity among the general consumer audience as evidenced by the fact that it is available in mass food franchises such as Burger King and McDonald's. Iced coffee is prepared many different ways, though traditionalists maintain that true iced coffee is cold-dripped using one of a number of ways. Cold dripped coffee contains up to 70% fewer bitter acids than heat brewed coffee making for a smoother, richer tasting coffee drink. For years in an iced coffee concentrate was made by soaking ground coffee and chicory with water in a mayonnaise jar. The next day, the user would remove the grounds. The result was a very strong coffee concentrate that was mixed with milk and sweetened. Another means of making iced coffee is by using a Toddy Maker. Toddy Makers make coffee using a process similar to a mayonnaise jar. In a plastic basket, users soak their favorite coffee blend in water overnight. The following morning, the basket is stacked atop a glass jar. Users pull a plug from the bottom and the liquid coffee drips into the jar. The coffee is placed in the fridge and is good for up to one week. If you are unable to use all of your coffee within a reasonable period of time, it works well to freeze it in ice cube trays to use at any time.

Many coffee retailers ignore the taste benefits of cold-dripped coffee and simply pour hot coffee over ice and serve. Most iced coffee enthusiasts would deem this an unacceptable way of producing iced coffee. In the 'to go' iced coffee world, there are countless grab-n-go products such as Frappuccinos which are premade, presweetened and typically shelf stable. These are typically made using heat-brewed coffee.

Vietnam

Vietnamese iced coffee is drip coffee with condensed milk served over ice. In Vietnam, it is typical to use a coffee press to brew the dark-roasted beans often used to make iced coffee. It is generally a sweeter, heavier drink than its Thai counterpart.

See also

References

External links

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