Cockeysville is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 19,388 at the 2000 census. A part of this area is known as Hunt Valley, at about a latitude of 39.5° North and longitude 76.7° West.
Cockeysville was the scene of some Civil War activity. Confederate soldiers pushed into the Baltimore area intending to cut off the city and Washington from the north. On July 10, 1864 Cavalry General Bradley T. Johnson led troops into Cockeysville, destroying telegraph lines and tearing up track along the Northern Central Railway. They also burned the first bridge over the Gunpowder Falls, just beyond nearby Ashland, Maryland.
President Abraham Lincoln travelled through Cockeysville on the Northern Central Railway enroute to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to deliver the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863. Less than two years later, on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's Funeral Train also passed through Cockeysville on its way from Washington, D.C. to his final resting place at Springfield, Illinois.
After the war, Joshua F. Cockey, III (1837-1920) founded the National Bank of Cockeysville (1891) and other commercial ventures in the community, as well as developed dwellings along the York Turnpike (now York Road) that made up the village of Cockeysville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.4 square miles (29.6 km²), of which, 11.3 square miles (29.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.31%) is water.
The town lies north of the Baltimore beltway (I-695) along I-83 and York Road. It is bordered on the north by Hunt Valley, Maryland, on the east by the Loch Raven Reservoir, on the south by Lutherville-Timonium, Maryland, and on the west by Mays Chapel, Maryland. Most commercial activity is concentrated along York Road.
Near the crossing over I-83, Beaver Dam splits into McCormick Road, which runs north, parallel to I-83 just east, through an industrial and business area, until it reaches Hunt Valley Town Center. The Light Rail has a stop in this area identified as the McCormick Road stop, and Bus Route 9 runs along part of McCormick Road.
There were 9,176 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.5% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,681, and the median income for a family was $62,266. Males had a median income of $40,732 versus $32,177 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,080. About 4.7% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
A quarry, dating back to the 19th century, produces limestone and marble, including some of the marble used in the construction of the Washington Monument. It is said that the whiter portion towards the bottom half of the monument originated from this quarry, but since construction was halted when money ran low, the monument had to be finished using a cheaper, different colored stone.
The main commercial attraction in the Hunt Valley area is the Hunt Valley Towne Centre, formerly Hunt Valley Mall, located along Shawan Road. Located nearby are several upscale hotels and other shopping centers.
Hunt Valley is the home of Greetings & Readings, Firaxis Games, BreakAway Games, Sinclair Broadcast Group, McCormick & Company, AAI Corporation, AmTote, Dunbar, TESSCO Technologies, and KCI Technologies, Inc. It was the former home of Noxell Corporation, makers of Noxzema, before Noxell was acquired by Procter and Gamble in the early 1990s. It was also the former home of PHH Corporation, prior to its relocation a few miles north to Sparks, Maryland. MicroProse, a leading video game developer from the 1980s, was originally based in Hunt Valley, as was Maryland Specialty Wire, a manufacturer of stainless steel wire for over fifty years, until its closure in 2003. The Marriott Hunt Valley Inn is a frequent site of National Football League meetings and science fiction conventions, hosting Balticon, Shore Leave, Farpoint, Horrorfind and other theme-related conventions.