Coal oil was first produced in 1850 by James Young on the Union Canal in Scotland. He was the first to patent the process of distilling this cannel coal into kerosene. This industry thrived in Scotland creating much wealth for James Young.
It consists mainly of several hydrocarbons of the alkane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175–325°C) than gasoline or the petroleum ethers, and a lower boiling point than the oils.
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT TO NIPPON STEEL CHEMICAL FOR "SOLVENT FOR COAL LIQUEFACTION,METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LIQUEFIED COAL OIL" (JAPANESE INVENTORS)
Oct 11, 2011; GENEVA, Oct. 11 -- Publication No. WO/2011/121953 was published on Oct. 6. Title of the invention: "SOLVENT FOR COAL...