Box describes a variety of containers and receptacles. When no specific shape is described, a typical rectangular box may be expected. Nevertheless, a box may have a horizontal cross section that is square, elongated, round or oval; sloped or domed top surfaces, or non-vertical sides.
A decorative box normally may be opened by raising, pulling, sliding or removing the lid, which may be hinged and/or fastened by a catch, clasp, lock, or adhesive tape. Whatever its shape or purpose or the material of which it is fashioned, it is the direct descendant of the chest, one of the most ancient articles of domestic furniture. Its uses are innumerable, and the name, preceded by a qualifying adjective, has been given to many objects of artistic or antiquarian interest.
A common storage box usually has the shape of a cuboid or right rectangular prism, although boxes of almost any shape may be used.
Several types of boxes are used in packaging and storage.
- A corrugated box (sometimes called cardboard box) is a shipping container made of corrugated fiberboard rather than solid paperboard. These are most commonly used to transport and warehouse products during distribution.
- A folding carton (sometimes called a box) is fabricated from paperboard. The paperboard is printed (if necessary), die-cut and scored to form a blank. These are transported and stored flat, and erected at the point of filling. These are used to package a wide range of consumer goods.
- A "set up" box (or rigid paperboard box) is made of a non-bending grade of paperboard. Unlike folding cartons, these are assembled at the point of manufacture and transported already "set-up". Set-up boxes are more expensive than folding boxes and are typically used for high value items such as cosmetics and gift boxes.
- A wooden box is related to a wooden crate.
Depending on locale and specific usage, the terms carton and box are sometimes used interchangeably.
Wooden wine box
Wooden wine boxes, also known as wooden wine crates are used to ship and store expensive wines in transit. Most wineries that use wooden boxes engrave their logo and designs on the front panel. These panels are usually highly detailed and used by wine collectors as decoration pieces for their bars or wine cellars. A typical wooden wine box holds either six or twelve 750 ml bottles.
Numerous types of boxes are used in permanent installations.
Permanent boxes may include the following:
A Bible box is a box made to hold Bibles
. These boxes started being manufactured in the 17th century.
is a woman's ornamental case, usually carried in a pocket or purse. It holds small tools for daily use such as folding scissors, bodkins
, needles, hairpins, tweezers, makeup pencils, etc.
A jewelry (AmE) or jewellery (BrE) box, is a receptacle for trinkets
, not only jewels
. It may take a very modest form, covered in leather
and lined with satin
, or it may be larger.
Shelters or booths
- Police box, a booth for use by police in 20th century Britain.
- Signal box, a building by a railway to coordinate and control railway signals.
- Penalty box, a booth used in sports where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty.
- Telephone box, or telephone booth, containing a public telephone.
- Post box (British English and others, also written postbox), or mailbox (North American English and others) is a physical box used to collect mail that is to be sent to a destination. Varieties of post boxes for outgoing mail include:
- *Lamp box
- *Ludlow wall box
- *Pillar box
- *Wall box
- Post office box, (often abbreviated P.O. box or PO box), a uniquely-addressable lockable box located in a post office station.
- Post box, can refer to a letter box for incoming mail
- Ballot box, a box in which votes (ballot papers) are deposited during voting.
- Black box, something for which the internal operation is not described but its function is.
- Box, informal reference to large box-shaped parts of a computer, such as the base unit or tower case of a personal computer.
- Coach Box or the driver's seat on a carriage coach.
- Dispatch box, (or despatch box), a box for holding official papers and transporting them.
- Glory box or Hope Chest, a box or chest containing items typically stored by unmarried young women in anticipation of married life.
- Lunch box, or "lunch pail" or "lunch kit", a rigid container used for carrying food. Can also be decorative.
- Mitre box, a woodworking tool used to guide a hand saw to make precise mitre cuts in a board.
- Nest box, a substitute for a hole in a tree for birds to make a nest in.
- Pandora's box, in Greek mythology, a box containing the evils of mankind and also hope.
- Phreaking boxes, devices used by phone phreaks to perform various functions normally reserved for operators and other telephone company employees.
- Torsion box, consists of two skins applied to a core material, light in weight, functions as a beam.