Definitions

co-axial

Co-axial escapement

Co-axial escapement is a type of modern watch escapement mechanism invented by English watchmaker George Daniels.

Overview

Co-axial escapement is a type of modern watch escapement mechanism invented by English watchmaker George Daniels.Considered by many to be one of the most significant horological advancements since the invention of the lever escapement, the co-axial escapement functions with virtually no lubrication thereby eliminating one of the shortcomings of the traditional lever escapement.

Critical Virtue

The critical virtue of the Daniels Escapement was the virtual elimination of the sliding friction component, i.e. the sliding of the pallet stones over the teeth of the escape wheel. What little sliding friction remains is due to the impossibility of maintaining an exact tangential geometry throughout the duration of an impulse.

Radial Friction vs. Sliding Friction

By utilizing radial friction instead of sliding friction at the impulse surfaces the co-axial escapement significantly reduces friction, theoretically resulting in longer service intervals and greater accuracy over time.

Commercialization

The escapement was commercialized 1999 by Omega SA when it introduced the first mass-produced watch incorporating the technology. When it first came to the market as the Caliber 2500, it had an oscillation rate of 28,800 bph, considered a "hi-beat" movement. But the rate was reduced to 25,200 bph in the caliber 2500C. "While Daniels has recognized the advantages of higher beat movements, he has also noted that they aggravate the problem of sliding friction in the escapement (at the escape teeth and pallets). Higher beat movements produce increased speed and pressure at these critical surfaces."

References

External links

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