clutha

Frame (Clutha), Janet (Paterson)

(born Aug. 28, 1924, Dunedin, N.Z.—died Jan. 29, 2004, Dunedin) New Zealand novelist, short-story writer, and poet. After an impoverished childhood, she trained as a teacher. Her first book was the story collection The Lagoon (1951). Several times committed to mental institutions, she narrowly escaped undergoing a frontal lobotomy. Her novel Owls Do Cry (1957) incorporated poetry and prose in its investigation of the border between sanity and madness. Her many other novels, several of which draw on Maori legends, include Scented Gardens for the Blind (1963) and The Carpathians (1988). One of her three volumes of memoirs, An Angel at My Table (1984), was filmed by Jane Campion.

Learn more about Frame (Clutha), Janet (Paterson) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Clutha-Southland is one of the 69 New Zealand electorates represented in the current Parliament of New Zealand.

Description

Clutha-Southland was promulgated as one of the original 65 MMP electorates, centered on Southland district and covering an area stretching from Fiordland across the far south of the South Island to the south-eastern Otago coast. Its largest population centres are Gore and Balcultha.

It is the successor to the old Wallace, Clutha and Awarua constituencies. Its boundaries have changed at every redistribution since it was created, as dwindling populations in both Clutha-Southland and in the neighbouring Invercargill electorate have forced both seats northwards. Because of this, in its current incarnation, which will first be contested at the 2008 election, Clutha-Southland will include Queenstown.

History

Because of its largely rural nature, Clutha-Southland is one of the National Party's safest seats; it has only ever had one MP, that being former Leader of the Opposition (and the party's current deputy), Bill English, who was also the MP for Wallace from 1990-96.

Election results

Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party's list.

2005 election

Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
National Bill English 20020 66.70 17334 57.14
Labour David Talbot 6988 23.28 8705 28.70
NZ First Dave Mackie 999 3.33 1386 4.57
Green Robert Guyton 808 2.69 719 2.37
United Joy Leitze 701 2.34 1028 3.39
ACT John Cameron Fraser 479 1.60 579 1.91
IND David Webber 121 0.40 - -
Progressive - - - 230 0.76
Destiny - - - 99 0.33
ALCP - - - 79 0.26
Māori Party - - - 63 0.21
Democrats - - - 26 0.09
Christian Heritage - - - 24 0.08
Alliance - - - 23 0.08
99 MP - - - 13 0.04
Family Rights PP - - - 9 0.03
Libertarianz - - - 7 0.02
One NZ - - - 6 0.02
Republic of NZ - - - 3 0.01
Direct Democracy - - - 2 0.01
informal votes 211 150
total valid votes 30116 30335
National hold Majority 13,032
sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

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