Clayton, Henry De Lamar, 1857-1929, U.S. congressman, b. Barbour co., Ala. A Democrat, he was a member of the House of Representatives from 1897 to 1915 and later a federal district judge. He is chiefly remembered as the author of the Clayton Antitrust Act.
Clayton, John Middleton, 1796-1856, American statesman, b. Sussex co., Del. Admitted (1819) to the bar, he practiced at Dover, Del., held many state offices, and was twice (1828, 1845) elected to the U.S. Senate. In the presidential election of 1848 he gave his support to Zachary Taylor and was rewarded with the position of Secretary of State, an office he held until Taylor's death in 1850. As Secretary of State he negotiated the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, which checked British expansion in Central America and temporarily settled a rivalry that had brought England and the United States into conflict. He reentered the Senate in 1852.
Clayton, city (1990 pop. 13,874), seat of St. Louis co., E central Mo., a suburb of St. Louis; inc. 1919. Developed in the 1960s, it has high-rise office buildings, hotels, and shopping centers; several major firms are headquartered there.
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