Members of the order are wingless even as adults, making them relatively difficult to identify. They resemble a mix between praying mantids and phasmids, and molecular evidence indicates that they are most closely related to the equally enigmatic group Grylloblattodea, with which they have now been grouped together in the order Notoptera. The gladiators were initially described from old museum specimens that were originally found in Namibia (Mantophasma zephyrum) and Tanzania (M. subsolanum), and from a 45-million-year-old specimen of Baltic amber (Raptophasma kerneggeri).
Live specimens were found in Namibia by an international expedition in early 2002; Tyrannophasma gladiator was found on the Brandberg Massif, and Mantophasma zephyrum was found on the Erongoberg Massif.
Sometimes the subfamilies and tribes are all raised to full family status.
Bug sprays or class (insecta) warfare.(Secret Weapons Defenses of Insects, Spiders, Scorpions, and Other Many-Legged Creatures)(Book Review)
Jan 13, 2006; Secret Weapons Defenses of Insects, Spiders, Scorpions, and Other Many-Legged Creatures by Thomas Eisner, Maria Eisner, and...
A comparative study of Hymenopteran Diversity between Kiuic Research Station and Hacienda Tabi in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico.
Oct 01, 2003; Department of Biology, Millsaps College, Jackson, MS 39210 A survey of families within the order Hymenoptera was performed in two...