Definitions

Claiborne

Claiborne

[kley-bawrn, -bohrn]
Claiborne, William, c.1587-c.1677, Virginia colonist, b. Westmorland co., England. He emigrated to Virginia in 1621 as official surveyor and then served as secretary of state (1626-37, 1652-60) of that colony. He traded with the Native Americans, explored near the head of Chesapeake Bay, and established a fort and settlement on Kent Island in the Chesapeake. He opposed the grant of Maryland to Lord Baltimore, and after Baltimore's order (1634) for his arrest, Claiborne undertook armed resistance from his stronghold. Claiborne went (1637) to England to justify his conduct, but the issue was decided in favor of Lord Baltimore. In 1642, Claiborne was made treasurer of Virginia, and several years later, claiming the authority of Parliament, he invaded Maryland and drove out the governor, Leonard Calvert. He controlled Maryland for several years and was a member (1652-57) of its governing commission.
Claiborne, William Charles Coles, 1775-1817, governor of Louisiana, b. Sussex co., Va. He began law practice in Sullivan co., Tenn., and was appointed a judge of the state supreme court in 1796. As a Congressman (1797-1801) he supported Jefferson, and in 1801 the President made him governor of Mississippi Territory. In 1803, Claiborne was one of the commissioners appointed to receive Louisiana from France after the Louisiana Purchase, and he was governor (1804-12) of the newly organized Territory of Orleans. American government was not well received by the Creoles, and Claiborne had many quarrels with legislators and others. He was also criticized for his apparent approval of the questionable activities of Gen. James Wilkinson. However, when the Territory of Orleans was admitted to the Union in 1812 as the state of Louisiana, Claiborne was elected governor and served until 1816. In 1817 he was elected to the U.S. Senate but died before he could take his seat.

See D. Rowland, ed., Official Letterbooks of W. C. C. Claiborne, 1801-1816 (6 vol., 1917).

(born circa 1587, Westmorland County, Eng.—died circa 1677, Virginia) American colonial trader and public official. Emigrating to Virginia in 1621, he was appointed secretary of state of the colony and a member of the governor's royal council. He traded with the Indians of Chesapeake Bay and in 1631 established a successful trading post on Kent Island. Denied his claim to the island, he incited a revolt (1644) that ousted the Maryland governor and left Claiborne in charge of the colony until 1646. From 1652 to 1657 he was a member of the commission that governed Maryland.

Learn more about Claiborne, William with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born circa 1587, Westmorland County, Eng.—died circa 1677, Virginia) American colonial trader and public official. Emigrating to Virginia in 1621, he was appointed secretary of state of the colony and a member of the governor's royal council. He traded with the Indians of Chesapeake Bay and in 1631 established a successful trading post on Kent Island. Denied his claim to the island, he incited a revolt (1644) that ousted the Maryland governor and left Claiborne in charge of the colony until 1646. From 1652 to 1657 he was a member of the commission that governed Maryland.

Learn more about Claiborne, William with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Claiborne is a census-designated place (CDP) in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 9,830 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Claiborne is located at (32.530235, -92.191796).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.3 km²), of which, 10.1 square miles (26.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.39%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,830 people, 3,759 households, and 2,823 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 972.3 people per square mile (375.4/km²). There were 3,925 housing units at an average density of 388.2/sq mi (149.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.04% White, 1.58% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population.

There were 3,759 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $45,200, and the median income for a family was $54,041. Males had a median income of $37,000 versus $26,008 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,816. About 6.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Claiborne is a suburb of West Monroe, and sections of the area considered part of the town of Claiborne are within the city limits of West Monroe.

References

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