|Military of Ghana|
|Military age||18 years of age(2002)|
|Availability||males age 15-49: 5,045,355 (2002 est.)|
|Fit for military service||males age 15-49: 5,045,355 (2002 est.)|
|Reaching military age annually||males: 213,237 (2002 est.)|
|Dollar figure||$90.5 million (FY01)|
|Percent of GDP||.001% (FY01)|
The Military of Ghana consists of the Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, Palace Guard, and Civil Defence, with the lowest ratio of active troops per thousand citizens in the world standing at 0.33. Ghana's modern military was formed after independence in 1957. The Ghanaian military is primarily composed of the army, which forms the pre-eminent service, more important that the air force or navy. From 1966 the military was extensively involved in politics, mounting several coups; see History of Ghana (1966-1979). The Ghanaian military today is considered the most professional armed force in West Africa.
Ghana's nominal chief military commander is the President of The Republic, with various generals and other commanders leading troops in the field. The Ministry of Defence and Central Defence Headquarters are both located in Accra. Accra, in the British colony of the Gold Coast, was also the location of the British Army’s Headquarters West Africa Command which remained there until its disbandment in 1956.
The Ghanaian military often has to make do with poorly-serviced weaponry and equipment due to lack of maintenance training and capability. As a result, maintenance tasks are often contracted to U.N. and other foreign military advisors and technicians.
The Ghana army numbers some 5,000 personnel and is structured as follows:
The Ghanaian Army relies on a mix of modern military technology and older varieties. While modern M16s and equipment are standard issue, much of the secondary equipment used by the Ghanaian military is generally older than that used in Western military forces, and Ghanaian troops frequently rely on older British, Brazilian, Swiss, Swedish, Israeli, and Finnish weaponry.
Ghana Navy provides coastal defence, fishery protection, and internal security on Lake Volta. In 1994 the navy was re-organized into an Eastern command, with headquarters at Tema, and a Western command, with headquarters at Sekondi.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, due to financial constraints and a lack of serviceable equipment, the navy to shrank from about 1,200 personnel to around 850. The navy currently numbers about 1,000 personnel, as of 2003.