Definitions

Chukchi Peninsula

Chukchi Peninsula

Chukchi Peninsula, northeastern extremity of Asia, terminating in Cape Dezhnev, Russian Far East. Washed by the E Siberian and Chukchi seas in the northeast, the peninsula is the eastern extension of the Anadyr mountain range. It is also known as Chukotsk. It is included in the Chukotka Autonomous Area (1990 est. pop. 155,000). The capital is the city of Anadyr. A large portion of the inhabitants are Russian; the rest are Chukchi, Yakut, Eveny, Koryak, and Inuit. The Chukchi language is of the Paleosiberian family (see Paleosiberian languages). The people are of two groups, seminomadic hunters and coast-dwelling fishermen. The area's coastline lies along the North Sea shipping route. There is mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing. The area was separated from the Magadan region in 1992 and put under the direct jurisdiction of Russia, the only autonomous area to be so constituted.
The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotski Peninsula or Chukotsk Peninsula (Russian: Чукотский полуостров), at about 66° N 172° W, is the northeastern extremity of Asia. Its eastern end is at Cape Dezhnev near the village of Uelen. It is bordered by the Chukchi Sea to the north, the Bering Sea to the south, and the Bering Strait to the east. The peninsula is part of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia.

The peninsula was traditionally the home of the native Chukchi people, some Eskimo peoples (Siberian Yupiks and Sireniki Eskimos), Koryaks, Chuvans, Evens/Lamuts, Yukagirs, and some Russian settlers.

The peninsula lies along the Northern Sea Route (the Northeast passage).

Industries on the peninsula are mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing.

Further reading

  • Aĭnana, L., and Richard L. Bland. Umiak the traditional skin boat of the coast dwellers of the Chukchi Peninsula : compiled in the communities of Provideniya and Sireniki, Chukotka Autonomous Region, Russia 1997-2000. Anchorage: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, 2003.
  • Dinesman, Lev Georgievich. Secular dynamics of coastal zone ecosystems of the northeastern Chukchi Peninsula Chukotka : cultural layers and natural depositions from the last millennia. Tübingen [Germany]: Mo Vince, 1999. ISBN 3934400035
  • Dikov, Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich. Asia at the Juncture with America in Antiquity The Stone Age of the Chukchi Peninsula. St. Petersburg: "Nauka", 1993.
  • Portenko, L. A., and Douglas Siegel-Causey. Birds of the Chukchi Peninsula and Wrangel Island = Ptitsy Chukotskogo Poluostrova I Ostrova Vrangelya. New Delhi: Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., by Amerind, 1981.

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